This Place Looks Familiar-How Navigators Distinguish Places with Ambiguous Landmark Objects When Learning Novel Routes

Authors: Strickrod, M., O'Malley, M. and Wiener, J.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23042/

Journal: Frontiers in Psychology

Volume: 6

Pages: 1936

Publisher: Frontiers Media

ISSN: 1664-1078

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01936

We present two experiments investigating how navigators deal with ambiguous landmark information when learning unfamiliar routes. In the experiments we presented landmark objects repeatedly along a route, which allowed us to manipulate how informative single landmarks were (1) about the navigators' location along the route and (2) about the action navigators had to take at that location. Experiment 1 demonstrated that reducing location informativeness alone did not affect route learning performance. While reducing both location and action informativeness led to decreased route learning performance, participants still performed well above chance level. This demonstrates that they used other information than just the identity of landmark objects at their current position to disambiguate their location along the route. To investigate how navigators distinguish between visually identical intersections, we systematically manipulated the identity of landmark objects and the actions required at preceding intersections in Experiment 2. Results suggest that the direction of turn at the preceding intersections was sufficient to tell two otherwise identical intersections apart. Together, results from Experiments 1 and 2 suggest that route knowledge is more complex than simple stimulus-response associations and that neighboring places are tightly linked. These links not only encompass sequence information but also directional information which is used to identify the correct direction of travel at subsequent locations, but can also be used for self-localization.

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Strickrodt, M., O'Malley, M. and Wiener, J.M.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23042/

Journal: Front Psychol

Volume: 6

Pages: 1936

ISSN: 1664-1078

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01936

We present two experiments investigating how navigators deal with ambiguous landmark information when learning unfamiliar routes. In the experiments we presented landmark objects repeatedly along a route, which allowed us to manipulate how informative single landmarks were (1) about the navigators' location along the route and (2) about the action navigators had to take at that location. Experiment 1 demonstrated that reducing location informativeness alone did not affect route learning performance. While reducing both location and action informativeness led to decreased route learning performance, participants still performed well above chance level. This demonstrates that they used other information than just the identity of landmark objects at their current position to disambiguate their location along the route. To investigate how navigators distinguish between visually identical intersections, we systematically manipulated the identity of landmark objects and the actions required at preceding intersections in Experiment 2. Results suggest that the direction of turn at the preceding intersections was sufficient to tell two otherwise identical intersections apart. Together, results from Experiments 1 and 2 suggest that route knowledge is more complex than simple stimulus-response associations and that neighboring places are tightly linked. These links not only encompass sequence information but also directional information which is used to identify the correct direction of travel at subsequent locations, but can also be used for self-localization.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Strickrodt, M., O'Malley, M. and Wiener, J.M.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23042/

Journal: Frontiers in Psychology

Volume: 6

Issue: DEC

eISSN: 1664-1078

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01936

© 2015 Strickrodt, O'Malley and Wiener. We present two experiments investigating how navigators deal with ambiguous landmark information when learning unfamiliar routes. In the experiments we presented landmark objects repeatedly along a route, which allowed us to manipulate how informative single landmarks were (1) about the navigators' location along the route and (2) about the action navigators had to take at that location. Experiment 1 demonstrated that reducing location informativeness alone did not affect route learning performance. While reducing both location and action informativeness led to decreased route learning performance, participants still performed well above chance level. This demonstrates that they used other information than just the identity of landmark objects at their current position to disambiguate their location along the route. To investigate how navigators distinguish between visually identical intersections, we systematically manipulated the identity of landmark objects and the actions required at preceding intersections in Experiment 2. Results suggest that the direction of turn at the preceding intersections was sufficient to tell two otherwise identical intersections apart. Together, results from Experiments 1 and 2 suggest that route knowledge is more complex than simple stimulus-response associations and that neighboring places are tightly linked. These links not only encompass sequence information but also directional information which is used to identify the correct direction of travel at subsequent locations, but can also be used for self-localization.

This source preferred by Mary O'Malley and Jan Wiener

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Strickrodt, M., O'Malley, M. and Wiener, J.M.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23042/

Journal: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY

Volume: 6

ISSN: 1664-1078

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01936

This data was imported from Europe PubMed Central:

Authors: Strickrodt, M., O'Malley, M. and Wiener, J.M.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23042/

Journal: Frontiers in psychology

Volume: 6

Pages: 1936

eISSN: 1664-1078

We present two experiments investigating how navigators deal with ambiguous landmark information when learning unfamiliar routes. In the experiments we presented landmark objects repeatedly along a route, which allowed us to manipulate how informative single landmarks were (1) about the navigators' location along the route and (2) about the action navigators had to take at that location. Experiment 1 demonstrated that reducing location informativeness alone did not affect route learning performance. While reducing both location and action informativeness led to decreased route learning performance, participants still performed well above chance level. This demonstrates that they used other information than just the identity of landmark objects at their current position to disambiguate their location along the route. To investigate how navigators distinguish between visually identical intersections, we systematically manipulated the identity of landmark objects and the actions required at preceding intersections in Experiment 2. Results suggest that the direction of turn at the preceding intersections was sufficient to tell two otherwise identical intersections apart. Together, results from Experiments 1 and 2 suggest that route knowledge is more complex than simple stimulus-response associations and that neighboring places are tightly linked. These links not only encompass sequence information but also directional information which is used to identify the correct direction of travel at subsequent locations, but can also be used for self-localization.

The data on this page was last updated at 04:39 on October 23, 2017.