Returning employees back to work: developing a measure for supervisors to support return to work (SSRW)
Authors: Munir, F., Yarker, J., Hicks, B. and Donaldson-Feilder, E.
Journal: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Abstract Introduction: Evidence suggests that line manager behaviours have a strong influence on employees’ health and well-being outcomes. Few have examined the specific behaviours associated with managing an employee back to work following long-term sick leave. This study describes the development of a line manager return-to-work behaviour measure using qualitative and quantitative research methods.
Methods: Qualitative data were collected between 2008-2010 from a UK population of organisational stakeholders (N=142), line managers (N=20) and employees (N=26). Data from these samples were used to develop a 42 item questionnaire and to validate it using a further sample of line managers (N=186) and employees (N=359).
Results: Based on a factor structure and reliability results, four scales emerged. The measure demonstrated good internal reliability, construct and concurrent validity. Longitudinal data analyses demonstrated test-retest reliability and promising predictive validity.
Conclusions: This is a potentially valuable tool in research and in organisational settings, both during long-term sick leave and after employees have returned to work.