The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): Translation and validation study of the Iranian version

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Authors: Montazeri, A., Vahdaninia, M., Ebrahimi, M. and Jarvandi, S.

Journal: Health Qual Life Outcomes

Volume: 1

Pages: 14

eISSN: 1477-7525

DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-1-14

BACKGROUND: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used instrument to measure psychological morbidity in cancer patients. This study aimed to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the HADS. METHODS: The English language version of the HADS was translated into Persian (Iranian language) and was used in this study. The questionnaire was administered to a consecutive sample of 167 breast cancer patients and statistical analysis was performed to test the reliability and validity of the HADS. RESULTS: In general the Iranian version of the HADS was found to be acceptable to almost all patients (99%). Cronbach's alpha coefficient (to test reliability) has been found to be 0.78 for the HADS anxiety sub-scale and 0.86 for the HADS depression sub-scale. Validity as performed using known groups comparison analysis showed satisfactory results. Both anxiety and depression sub-scales discriminated well between sub-groups of patients differing in clinical status as defined by their disease stage. CONCLUSION: This preliminary validation study of the Iranian version of the HADS proved that it is an acceptable, a reliable and valid measure of psychological distress among cancer patients.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Montazeri, A., Vahdaninia, M., Ebrahimi, M. and Jarvandi, S.

Journal: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Volume: 1

ISSN: 1477-7525

DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-1-14

Background: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used instrument to measure psychological morbidity in cancer patients. This study aimed to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the HADS. Methods: The English language version of the HADS was translated into Persian (Iranian language) and was used in this study. The questionnaire was administered to a consecutive sample of 167 breast cancer patients and statistical analysis was performed to test the reliability and validity of the HADS. Results: In general the Iranian version of the HADS was found to be acceptable to almost all patients (99%). Cronbach's alpha coefficient (to test reliability) has been found to be 0.78 for the HADS anxiety sub-scale and 0.86 for the HADS depression sub-scale. Validity as performed using known groups comparison analysis showed satisfactory results. Both anxiety and depression subscales discriminated well between sub-groups of patients differing in clinical status as defined by their disease stage. Conclusion: This preliminary validation study of the Iranian version of the HADS proved that it is an acceptable, a reliable and valid measure of psychological distress among cancer patients. © 2003 Montazeri et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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