Sangeeta Khorana

Professor Sangeeta Khorana

  • Professor Of Economics
  • Executive Business Centre EB406, Bournemouth University, 89 Holdenhurst Road, Bournemouth, BH8 8EB
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Professor Sangeeta Khorana is an international trade expert with 25 + years of academia and management consulting experience including, between 1993 and 2001 as a civil servant with the government of India.

Prof Khorana leads research on international trade policy, in particular on free trade agreement (FTA) negotiations and WTO issues. She has advised EU institutions on FTA negotiations with India and Vietnam as well as developed methodologies for liberalisation through FTA negotiations.

Prof Khorana has undertaken funded research for the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), Welsh Assembly, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, European Commission, DG Trade, Commonwealth Secretariat, InterAmerican Development Bank (IADB), World Bank-ITCILO, UNCTAD-India and the Swiss Federal Government among others.

She is on several expert committees providing specialist advice including membership of:

1. Expert Trade Advisory Group (Government Procurement), Department for International Trade, UK

2. Expert Trade Advisory Group (Trade and Development), Department for International Department, UK...


Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person's work contributes towards the following SDGs:

Gender equality

"Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls"

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Decent work and economic growth

"Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all"

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Reduced inequalities

"Reduce inequality within and among countries"

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Journal Articles

  • Dwivedi, Y.K., Buhalis, D., Khorana, S. et al., 2023. “So what if ChatGPT wrote it?” Multidisciplinary perspectives on opportunities, challenges and implications of generative conversational AI for research, practice and policy. International Journal of Information Management, 71.
  • Khorana, S. and Kerr, W.A., 2023. THE STILLBORN UNITED KINGDOM‒UNITED STATES TRADE AGREEMENT: Political Optimism Meets Vested Interests. World Affairs, 186 (2), 252-283.
  • Khorana, S., Martínez-Zarzoso, I. and Ali, S., 2023. An anatomy of the impact of COVID-19 on the global and intra-Commonwealth trade in goods. Review of International Economics, 31 (2), 550-579.
  • Hobbs, J.E., Khorana, S. and Yeung, M.T., 2023. Moving beyond least developed country status: Challenges to diversifying Bangladesh’s seafood exports. Aquaculture Economics and Management.
  • Khorana, S., Escaith, H., Ali, S., Kumari, S. and Do, Q., 2022. The changing contours of global value chains post-COVID: Evidence from the Commonwealth. Journal of Business Research, 153, 75-86.
  • Singh, N., Misra, R., Singh, S., Rana, N.P. and Khorana, S., 2022. Assessing the factors that influence the adoption of healthcare wearables by the older population using an extended PMT model. Technology in Society, 71.
  • Chatterjee, S., Khorana, S. and Kizgin, H., 2022. Harnessing the Potential of Artificial Intelligence to Foster Citizens’ Satisfaction: An empirical study on India. Government Information Quarterly, 39 (4).
  • Mathivathanan, D., Mathiyazhagan, K., Khorana, S., Rana, N.P. and Arora, B., 2022. Drivers of circular economy for small and medium enterprises: Case study on the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Journal of Business Research, 149, 997-1015.
  • Misra, R., Mahajan, R., Singh, N., Khorana, S. and Rana, N.P., 2022. Factors impacting behavioural intentions to adopt the electronic marketplace: findings from small businesses in India. Electronic Markets, 32 (3), 1639-1660.
  • Webster, A., Khorana, S. and Pastore, F., 2022. The labour market impact of COVID-19: early evidence for a sample of enterprises from Southern Europe. International Journal of Manpower, 43 (4), 1054-1082.
  • Akinmade, B., Khorana, S. and Adedoyin, F.F., 2022. An assessment of United Kingdom's trade with developing countries under the generalised system of preferences. Journal of Public Affairs, 22 (1).
  • Webster, A., Khorana, S. and Pastore, F., 2022. The effects of COVID-19 on employment, labor markets, and gender equality in Central America. IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 13 (1), 1-43.
  • Chatterjee, S., Mikalef, P., Khorana, S. and Kizgin, H., 2022. Assessing the Implementation of AI Integrated CRM System for B2C Relationship Management: Integrating Contingency Theory and Dynamic Capability View Theory. Information Systems Frontiers.
  • Raihan, S., Khorana, S. and Uddin, M., 2022. Navigating LDC graduation: modelling the impact of RCEP and CPTPP on Bangladesh. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy.
  • Chakraborty, D., Rana, N.P., Khorana, S., Singu, H.B. and Luthra, S., 2022. Big Data in Food: Systematic Literature Review and Future Directions. Journal of Computer Information Systems.
  • Khorana, S., Curran, L. and Nadvi, K., 2021. Building on open economy politics to understand the stalled EU–India trade negotiations. International Affairs: promoting dialogue between academics and policy-makers.
  • Chatterjee, S., Rana, N.P., Khorana, S., Mikalef, P. and Sharma, A., 2021. Assessing Organizational Users’ Intentions and Behavior to AI Integrated CRM Systems: a Meta-UTAUT Approach. Information Systems Frontiers.
  • Khorana, S., Martínez-Zarzoso, I. and Ali, S., 2021. The Impact of COVID-19 on the Global and Intra- Commonwealth Trade in Goods. International Trade Working Paper, Commonwealth Secretariat.
  • Khorana, S. and Kerr, W.A., 2021. Electronic government procurement in the EU-Vietnam free trade agreement: An opportunity for increased transparency and accountability? Journal of World Trade, 55 (1), 127-144.
  • Mathivathanan, D., Mathiyazhagan, K., Rana, N.P., Khorana, S. and Dwivedi, Y.K., 2021. Barriers to the adoption of blockchain technology in business supply chains: a total interpretive structural modelling (TISM) approach. International Journal of Production Research, 59 (11), 3338-3359.
  • Ukpe, A. and Khorana, S., 2021. Special and differential treatment in the WTO: framing differential treatment to achieve (real) development. Journal of International Trade Law and Policy, 20 (2), 83-100.
  • Frennhoff Larsén, M. and Khorana, S., 2020. Negotiating Brexit: A clash of approaches? Comparative European Politics, 18 (5), 858-877.
  • Escaith, H., Khorana, S. and Kerr, W., 2020. The Hidden Cost of Supply Chain Disruptions: Case Study of the UK’s Automotive Sector. SocioEconomic Challenges, 4 (3), 5-19.
  • Kaur, S., Khorana, S. and Kaur, M., 2020. Is There Any Potential in Service Trade of South Asia? Foreign Trade Review, 55 (3), 402-417.
  • Khorana, S., Escaith, H., MacGregor, J., Vickers, B. and Ali, S., 2020. The Potential Impact of COVID-19 on Commonwealth Trade, Recovery and Resilience. The Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics.
  • Souza Piao, R., Ide, M.S., Scur, G., Campos-Silva4, W.L. and Khorana, S., 2020. Sustainable procurement practices in the Brazilian chemical industry context. Exacta, 18 (3), 583-602.
  • Khorana, S. and Martínez-Zarzoso, I., 2020. TWENTY-FIRST-CENTURY TRADE GOVERNANCE: FINDINGS FROM THE COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES. Contemporary Economic Policy, 38 (2), 380-396.
  • Keshari, A., Mishra, N., Shukla, N., McGuire, S. and Khorana, S., 2018. Multiple order-up-to policy for mitigating bullwhip effect in supply chain network. Annals of Operations Research, 269 (1-2), 361-386.
  • Khorana, S., Cho, J., Lee, J. and Disegna, M., 2018. Employing FAHP to de-codify the determinants of trade agreements: A case of the EU-India trade talks. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 24 (6), 2397-2415.
  • Khorana, S. and Narayanan, B.G., 2017. Modelling Effects of Tariff Liberalisation on India’s Key Export Sectors: Analysis of the EU–India Free Trade Agreement. Margin, 11 (1), 1-22.
  • Khorana, S. and Choukroune, L., 2016. India and the Indian Ocean region. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 12 (2), 122-125.
  • Khorana, S., 2016. International Trade in the Health Sector: Forgotten Frontier? Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics, 126.
  • Narayanan, B.G. and Khorana, S., 2016. Mega-regional trade agreements: Costly distractions for developing countries? Journal of Economic Structures, 6 (1), 1-18.
  • Orbie, J. and Khorana, S., 2015. Normative versus market power Europe? The EU-India trade agreement. Asia Europe Journal, 13 (3), 253-264.
  • Garcia, M. and Masselot, A., 2015. EU-Asia Free Trade Agreements as tools for social norm/legislation transfer. ASIA EUROPE JOURNAL, 13 (3), 241-252.
  • Orbie, J. and Khorana, S., 2015. Normative versus market power Europe? The EU-India trade agreement. Asia Europe Journal.
  • Khorana, S., 2015. Role Model or Institutional Spoiler?: India’s Schizophrenic Relationship with the WTO. Current Politics and Economics of South, Southeastern, and Central Asia, 23 (3-4).
  • Khorana, S., Perdikis, N. and Kerr, W.A., 2015. Global economies of scale in the EU-India trade agreement: are they the key to a return to economic growth? Asia Europe Journal, 13 (1), 41-55.
  • Khorana, S., Ferguson-Boucher, K. and Kerr, W.A., 2015. Governance Issues in the EU's e-Procurement Framework. Journal of Common Market Studies, 53 (2), 292-310.
  • Khorana, S. and Asthana, A.N., 2014. EU FTA negotiations with India: The question of liberalisation of public procurement. Asia Europe Journal, 12 (3), 251-263.
  • Khorana, S. and Garcia, M., 2014. Procurement liberalization diffusion in EU agreements: Signalling stewardship? Journal of World Trade, 48 (3), 481-500.
  • Badri Narayanan, G. and Khorana, S., 2014. Tariff escalation, export shares and economy-wide welfare: A computable general equilibrium approach. Economic Modelling, 41, 109-118.
  • Khorana, S. and Asthana, A.N., 2014. EU FTA negotiations with India: The question of liberalisation of public procurement. Asia Europe Journal, 1-13.
  • Khorana, S., Mishra, N. and Kerr, W.A., 2014. Transforming Vietnam: A quest for improved efficiency and transparency in central government procurement. Policy and politics, 42 (1), 109-129.
  • Asthana, A.N. and Khorana, S., 2013. Unlearning machine learning: The challenge of integrating research in business applications. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, 15 (2), 266-271.
  • Khorana, S. and Garcia, M., 2013. European union-india trade negotiations: One step forward, one back? Journal of Common Market Studies, 51 (4), 684-700.
  • Mohan, S., Khorana, S. and Choudhury, H., 2013. Why Developing Countries Have Failed to Increase Their Exports of Agricultural Processed Products. Economic Affairs, 33 (1), 48-64.
  • Asthana, A.N., Mohan, S. and Khorana, S., 2012. Physics envy and natural experiments in business and economics. World Applied Sciences Journal, 20 (3), 464-469.
  • Khorana, S. and Subramanian, S., 2012. Potential accession to the WTO government procurement agreement: A case-study on India. Journal of International Economic Law, 15 (1), 287-309.
  • Khorana, S., Yeung, M.T., Kerr, W.A. and Perdikis, N., 2012. The battle over the EU'S proposed humanitarian trade preferences for Pakistan: A case study in multifaceted protectionism. Journal of World Trade, 46 (1), 33-59.
  • Khorana, S. and Perdikis, N., 2010. Eu-india free trade agreement: Deal or no deal? South Asia Economic Journal, 11 (2), 181-206.
  • Khorana, S., 2007. Do trade preferences enhance market access for developing countries' agricultural products? Evidence from Switzerland. Journal of World Trade, 41 (5), 1073-1090.


  • Khorana, S. and García, M., 2018. Handbook on the EU and international trade.
  • Navigating Uncertainty: Towards a Post-Brexit Trade and Development Agenda. Commonwealth Secretariat.
  • Khorana, S., 2016. Health Trade Governance: Economic and Legal Dimensions. SPRINGER.
  • Khorana, S., Perdikis, N., Yeung, M.T. and Kerr, W.A., 2010. Bilateral trade agreements in the era of globalization: The EU and India in search of a partnership.


  • Khorana, S. and Norberg, H.C., 2022. Can blockchain solve the puzzle of labour standards implementation in international trade? In: Kimberly, A.E., ed. Handbook on Globalisation and Labour Standards. Elgar, 432-441.
  • Khorana, S., 2021. The European Union–India Strategic Partnership: An Examination of the Economic Aspects. In: Gieg, P. and Lowe, T., eds. EU-India Relations. Springer.
  • Khorana, S. and Voss, W.G., 2018. The digital single market: Move from traditional to digital? Handbook on the EU and International Trade. 384-402.
  • Khorana, S. and García, M., 2018. Introduction to the handbook on the EU and international trade. Handbook on the EU and International Trade. 1-13.
  • Khorana, S., 2015. The FTA: A Strategic call for India and the EU. In: Godement, F., ed. What does India Think?. Robert Bosch Stifftung, 102-107.
  • Khorana, S., 2014. Economic Dimensions of Indo-Polish Relationship: Analysis of Trade Patterns. India-Poland Relations in the 21st Century: Vistas for Future Cooperation. Vij Publishing India.
  • Cottier, T. and Khorana, S., 2012. Linkages between Freedom of Expression and Unfair Competition Rules in International Trade: The Hertel Case and Beyond. Human Rights and International Trade.


  • Khorana, S., Narayanan, B. and Perdikis, N., 2020. Modelling the (Potential) Long Term Macroeconomic Impact of Brexit: Findings from Wales. In: 23rd GTAP conference 17-19 June 2020 Online.
  • Khorana, S., WEBSTER, A. and Piesse, J., 2018. Female empowerment in emerging market firms. In: 45thAcademy of International Business (UK & Ireland Chapter) Annual Conference 11-14 April 2018 Birmingham.
  • Khorana, S., Curran, L. and Nadvi, K., 2017. Rising Powers, Trade Agreements and Global Governance: The EU-India FTA – a Dance without Music? In: SASE 29th Annual Conference 29 June-1 July 2017 Lyon.
  • Khorana, S. and Joshi, S., 2017. Public Procurement Liberalisation through Trade Agreements: Case Study on South Korea. In: Public Procurement: Global Revolution VIII 12-13 June 2017 Nottingham.
  • Khorana, S., 2014. Multilateral Agreements and Global Governance of International Trade. In: ETSG 22-24 September 2014 MUNICH.
  • Khorana, S., 2014. Can reciprocal tariff elimination reduce the welfare losses due to lagging labor productivity?: An Analysis of Reciprocal Preferential Trade Access between Sub-Saharan Africa and Industrialized Countries. In: GTAP 2014 8-10 June 2014 DAKAR.


Internet Publications

PhD Students

  • Kolawole Aladesanmi
  • Kevin Hope, (In progress)
  • Declan Dineen, (In progress)

Invited Lectures

  • Brexit and UK's Supply Chain Linkages, Bournemouth, 26 Apr 2018 more
  • Methods & tools: Value for Money in procurement, Santiago, Chile, 04 Oct 2017 more
  • Trade Policy Options of Emerging Markets/ India, Vienna, 05 Sep 2017 more


  • Graduating Bangladesh from LDC (GCRF, 16 Feb 2020). Awarded
  • Public Procurement Initiative (Directorate-General for Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid, 04 Jan 2016). Awarded
  • TTIP negotiations: caught between myth and reality? (Council for Europe through CIDOB, 27 May 2015). Completed
  • Towards an Atlantic Area (European Commission, 01 Jan 2013). In Progress
  • EuropeAid/126313/C/SER/VN (European Commission, 01 Jul 2011). Completed
  • Impact Analysis of proposed EU-India FTA on Indian export sectors (Foreign and Commonwealth Office, 01 Oct 2007). Completed

External Responsibilities

Public Engagement & Outreach Activities

  • World Trade Gender on Congress (05 Dec 2022-07 Dec 2022)
  • Formal meeting (oral evidence session): UK-India trade negotiations (03 Mar 2022)
  • International conference (19 Jun 2019-21 Jun 2019)
  • Workshop (16 May 2019)
  • Indian Chambers of Commerce (14 May 2019)
  • Panel discussion SES Annual conference (07 Apr 2019-08 Apr 2019)
  • Advisory for South West Regional Advisory Board Meeting (21 Mar 2019)
  • Dorset on Brexit Support for Businesses (18 Mar 2019)
  • Regional workshop (18 Jan 2019)
  • Evidence to Finance and Constitution Committee (21 Feb 2018)
  • Beyond 2019: UK Trade in Goods Post-Brexit Re-Modelling Trade with Europe, Re-Balancing Trade with the World, and Re-Marketing Britain (28 Nov 2017)
  • Invited Panelist (04 Oct 2017-05 Oct 2017)
  • Final conference of the ESRC ‘Rising Powers and Interdependent Futures’ research programme (21 Jun 2017-23 Jun 2017)
  • ROUNDTABLE (24 Feb 2015)

Conference Presentations

  • Asia Pacific Trade Seminars (APTS), The Impact of COVID-19 on Global and Intra- Goods Trade: Case Study on the Commonwealth, 26 Jun 2021, University of Tokyo, virtual
  • Asia Pacific Trade Seminars, The Effect of COVID-19 on Global and Intra-Commonwealth Goods Trade, 24 Jun 2021, Virtual
  • AIB UK-Ireland Conference, 14 Apr 2021, Virtual
  • 23rd Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Modelling the (Potential) Long Term Macroeconomic Impact of Brexit: Findings from Wales, 17 Jun 2020, Virtual
  • Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics (SASE), Rising Powers, Trade Agreements and Global Governance: The EU-India FTA – a dance without music?, 29 Jun 2017, Lyon, France
  • Rising Powers and Labour Standards in Global Production, The EU-India FTA: A Dance without Music, 18 Jun 2017, MANCHESTER
  • PUBLIC PROCUREMENT: GLOBAL REVOLUTION VIII, Public Procurement Liberalisation through Trade Agreements: Case Study on South Korea, 11 Jun 2017, NOTTINGHAM
  • 24th IIOA Conference, An Evaluation of Public Procurement Import Penetration: Liberalisation Effects of Preferential Trade Agreements for South Korea, 03 Jul 2016, Seoul, Korea
  • GTAP Conference, International Trade and Health: Implications for Developing Countries, 14 Jun 2016, Washington DC


  • EUIA Conference Panel BALANCING ECONOMIC INTERESTS AND LABOUR RIGHTS IN EU EXTERNAL TRADE & INVESTMENT POLICY (I): the legal tensions between trade, labour and human rights (ID 260)

External Media and Press

Broadcast Interview