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Dr Eliza Watt is a Lecturer in Law at Bournemouth University specialising in the areas of public interactional law, cyber surveillance and cyber security. She currently teaches LLM International Dispute Resolution and Commercial Law and Transactions at the Undergraduate level.
Prior to her appointment at Bournemouth University, Dr Watt was a Visiting Lecturer and a Doctoral Researcher at the University of Westminster, London where she taught the Law of Contract at the Undergraduate level. She obtained the LLB, LLM, LLM and PhD degrees from University of Westminster and King's College London. She is a non-practicing barrister called to the Bar at the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple.
Having worked as a legal consultant for an environmental remediation company, she returned to academia and was awarded a degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Autumn 2017 for the PhD thesis titled 'Cyberspace, Surveillance, Law and Privacy' with no corrections.
Dr Watt has presented her research at a number of international conferences, including NATO 2017 9th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Defending the Core, at University College London, University of Hull, University of Westminster and Brunel University... She has published in peer reviewed journals including the International Journal of Human Rights and as part of NATO's 'Defending the Core' publication. She was also invited to take part in the process of public consultation on the United Nations Group of Government Experts 2015 Norms Proposal.more
Dr Watt's PhD thesis titled 'Cyberspace, Surveillance, Law and Privacy' analysed the implications of state sponsored cyber surveillance on the exercise of the right to privacy of communications and data privacy of individuals subject to untargeted interception of digital communications. The main aim of the thesis was to assess the legality of mass cyber surveillance of the 'Five Eyes' alliance of states, namely the United Kingdom, the United States, New Zealand, Australia and Canada with an emphasis on the United Kingdom's Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) and the United States' National Security Agency (NSA). The thesis demonstrated that unrestricted mass cyber surveillance practices breach the human rights obligations of those states under the international human rights framework, that is Article 17 of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights 1966, Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights 1950, Article 5 of the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with Regard to Automatic Processing of Individual Data 1981 and Article 11 of the American Convention on Human Rights 1969. Her research showed the inadequate protection of privacy of communications and data privacy on the internet and to that end proposed and evaluated a number of legal solutions on the international and regional level.
Dr Watt related research interests include inter alia internet governance, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, state responsibility in cyber space, data privacy and the internet of things.
- Watt, E., 2017. The Right to Privacy and the Future of Mass Surveillance. The International Journal of Human Rights, 21 (7), 773-799.
- Watt, E., 2015. Proposed US and UK Laws Will Entrench Surveillance Powers Across the Atlantic.
- Watt, E., 2017. The Role of International Human Rights Law in the Protection of Online Privacy in the Age of Surveillance. Defending the Core. NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Tallinn, Estonia.
Profile of Teaching PG
- International Dispute Resolution
Profile of Teaching UG
- Commercial Law and Transactions
Public Engagement & Outreach Activities
- Second Discussant of a paper titled 'We Only Spy on Foreigners: The Myth of a Universal Right to Privacy and the Practice of Mass Extraterritorial Surveillance’ by Asaf Lubin, held at University of Westminster on 5 April 2017
- Participated in the public debate titled ‘This House Believes that Tech Companies Should Cooperate and Share Information with National Intelligence Agencies’ as a guest speaker organised by University College London held on 21 November 2016
- 2nd Joint Researching the Arts/Social Sciences Conference for Research Students, Round Table Discussion, 17 Jun 2014, Brunel University, London
- Doctoral Research Series, Cyberspace, Surveillance and Privacy, 15 Dec 2015, University of Westminster, London
- Cybersecurity Ethics Conference, Should State Foreign Cyber Surveillance Be Regulated by International Law?’, 21 Oct 2016, Hull, United Kingdom
- 9th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Defending the Core, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre Tallinn, Estonia, 30 May 2017, Tallin, Estonia
- Leiden University's Open Consultation on United Nations Group of Government Experts 2015 Norms Proposal, Commented on UN GGE proposal for voluntary norms, rules and principles on responsible State behaviour in cyberspace,.. Leiden University
- LLB (Hons) in Law (University of Westminster, Westminster Law School, London, 2002)
- LLM in Law (King's College London, 2004)
- LLM in Public International Law (University of Westminster, Westminster Law School, London, 2006)
- Bar Vocational Course in Bar Vocational Training (BPP Professional Education, Holborn, London, 2008)
- PhD in Cyber Surveillance and Human Rights (University of Westminster, Westminster Law School, London, 2017)
- Chatham House, Member,
- The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, Member,