A comparison of substance use behaviours and normative beliefs in North-West European university and college students

This source preferred by John McAlaney

Authors: McAlaney, J., Boot, C.R., Dahlin, M., Lintonen, T., Stock, C., Rasmussen, S. and Van Hal, G.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/21369/

Journal: International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Volume: 11

Issue: 3

Pages: 281-287

ISSN: 2191-1231

DOI: 10.1515/ijdhd-2012-0032

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: McAlaney, J., Boot, C.R., Dahlin, M., Lintonen, T., Stock, C., Rasmussen, S. and Van Hal, G.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/21369/

Journal: International Journal on Disability and Human Development

Volume: 11

Issue: 3

Pages: 281-287

ISSN: 2191-0367

DOI: 10.1515/ijdhd-2012-0032

The social norms approach is an increasingly popular intervention for substance use that has been used extensively in the American college system. It operates by correcting normative misperceptions individuals hold about their peers. However, there have been f ew direct comparisons of substance use misperceptions between student populations in different European countries. The current study sought to address this through use of a survey of substance use and normative beliefs at universities in five European countries. Students at each site were invited to take part in an online survey that included items on personal substance use and the perceived use of peers. A total sample of 6404 students was obtained. Mann-Whitney and χ 2 analysis were used to demon strate an apparent misperception effect, with the majority of students at each site significantly (p < 0.05) overestimating the substance use of their peers. This study suggests that students in Europe are prone to misperceiving the substance use of their peers in a manner similar to their American college counterparts, despite the cultural and legislative differences between these settings. This provides support for the potential in using social norms approaches to reduce rates of harmful substance use in European student populations. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter · Berlin · Boston.

The data on this page was last updated at 04:45 on January 16, 2018.