A sustainable future supply of fluvial sediment for the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta
Authors: Darby, S.E., Nicholls, R.J., Rahman, M.M., Brown, S. and Karim, R.
Recent research highlights that delta submergence is an important issue for the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) delta. The only factor that could potentially offset losses in delta surface elevation is a sustainable supply of fluvial sediment. River sediments therefore have considerable economic and social value for ecosystem services and those they support. Analysis, using the HydroTrend model, indicates that an increase in the climate-driven supply of fluvial sediment to the GBM delta has the potential, through accelerated aggradation on the delta surface, to offset some of the adverse impacts of climate change due to rising sea levels in the Bay of Bengal. However, anthropogenic disconnections, such as dams, flood defences and polders disturbances, have the possibility to negatively affect this process.