A framework for speechreading acquisition tools

Authors: Gorman, B.M. and Flatla, D.R.

Journal: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings

Volume: 2017-May

Pages: 519-530

ISBN: 9781450346559

DOI: 10.1145/3025453.3025560

Abstract:

At least 360 million people worldwide have disabling hearing loss that frequently causes difficulties in day-to-day conversations. Traditional technology (e.g., hearing aids) often fails to offer enough value, has low adoption rates, and can result in social stigma. Speechreading can dramatically improve conversational understanding, but speechreading is a skill that can be challenging to learn. To address this, we developed a novel speechreading acquisition framework that can be used to design Speechreading Acquisition Tools (SATs) - a new type of technology to improve speechreading acquisition. We interviewed seven speechreading tutors and used thematic analysis to identify and organise the key elements of our framework. We then evaluated our framework by using it to: 1) categorise every tutor-identified speechreading teaching technique, 2) critically evaluate existing conversational aids, and 3) design three new SATs. Through the use of SATs designed using our framework, the speechreading abilities of people with hearing loss around the world should be enhanced, thereby improving the conversational foundation of their day-to-day lives. Copyright is held by the owner/author(s).

Source: Scopus

A Framework for Speechreading Acquisition Tools

Authors: Gorman, B.M., Flatla, D.R. and ACM

Journal: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2017 ACM SIGCHI CONFERENCE ON HUMAN FACTORS IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS (CHI'17)

Pages: 519-530

DOI: 10.1145/3025453.3025560

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

A Framework for Speechreading Acquisition Tools

Authors: Gorman, B.M.

Source: Manual

A Framework for Speechreading Acquisition Tools

Authors: Gorman, B.M. and Flatla, D.R.

Journal: Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems

Pages: 519-530

Source: Manual

A Framework for Speechreading Acquisition Tools

Authors: Gorman, B.M.

Abstract:

At least 360 million people worldwide have disabling hearing loss that frequently causes difficulties in day-to-day conversations. Hearing aids often fail to offer enough benefits and have low adoption rates. However, people with hearing loss find that speechreading can improve their understanding during conversation. Speechreading (often called lipreading) refers to using visual information about the movements of a speaker's lips, teeth, and tongue to help understand what they are saying. Speechreading is commonly used by people with all severities of hearing loss to understand speech, and people with typical hearing also speechread (albeit subconsciously) to help them understand others.

However, speechreading is a skill that takes considerable practice to acquire.

Publicly-funded speechreading classes are sometimes provided, and have been shown to improve speechreading acquisition. However, classes are only provided in a handful of countries around the world and students can only practice effectively when attending class. Existing tools have been designed to help improve speechreading acquisition, but are often not effective because they have not been designed within the context of contemporary speechreading lessons or practice. To address this, in this thesis I present a novel speechreading acquisition framework that can be used to design Speechreading Acquisition Tools (SATs) - a new type of technology to improve speechreading acquisition.

Source: arXiv