Parameter optimization by Taguchi methods for finishing advanced ceramic balls using a novel eccentric lapping machine

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Authors: Kang, J. and Hadfield, M.

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Journal: Journal of Engineering Manufacture Part 'B' : Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers

Volume: 215

Pages: 69-78

ISSN: 0954-4054

The final finishing process of advanced ceramic balls used in hybrid precision bearings constitutes two-thirds of the total manufacturing cost, and hence effective and economic finishing methods and processes are critical to their widespread application. A novel eccentric lapping machine is designed and manufactured. Hot isostatically pressed silicon nitride ball blanks (diameter 13.25 mm) are used to investigate the feasibility of accelerating the ball finishing process while maintaining high surface quality. Taguchi methods are used during the first step of finishing to optimize lapping parameters; the L9 (3[sup 4]) four-parameter, three-level orthogonal array is used to design the experiment. Experimental results reveal that this novel eccentric lapping method is very promising; a material removal rate of 40 μm/h is achievable. The optimum lapping condition is found to be high speed, high load and high paste concentration with 60 μm diamond particles. The analysis of variance shows that the most significant lapping parameter is lapping load, which accounts for 50 per cent of the total, followed by lapping speed (31 per cent); the particle size and paste concentration only account for 12 per cent and 7 per cent respectively. A comparison with previous lapping experiments and the mechanism of material removal are also discussed briefly.

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Authors: Kang, J. and Hadfield, M.

Journal: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture

Volume: 215

Issue: 1

Pages: 69-78

ISSN: 0954-4054

DOI: 10.1243/0954405011515145

The final finishing process of advanced ceramic balls used in hybrid precision bearings constitutes two-thirds of the total manufacturing cost, and hence effective and economic finishing methods and processes are critical to their widespread application. A novel eccentric lapping machine is designed and manufactured. Hot isostatically pressed silicon nitride ball blanks (diameter 13.25 mm) are used to investigate the feasibility of accelerating the ball finishing process while maintaining high surface quality. Taguchi methods are used during the first step of finishing to optimize lapping parameters; the L9 (34) four-parameter, three-level orthogonal array is used to design the experiment. Experimental results reveal that this novel eccentric lapping method is very promising; a material removal rate of 40 μm/h is achievable. The optimum lapping condition is found to be high speed, high load and high paste concentration with 60 μm diamond particles. The analysis of variance shows that the most significant lapping parameter is lapping load, which accounts for 50 per cent of the total, followed by lapping speed (31 per cent); the particle size and paste concentration only account for 12 per cent and 7 per cent respectively. A comparison with previous lapping experiments and the mechanism of material removal are also discussed briefly.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Kang, J. and Hadfield, M.

Journal: PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART B-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING MANUFACTURE

Volume: 215

Issue: 1

Pages: 69-78

ISSN: 0954-4054

DOI: 10.1243/0954405011515145

The data on this page was last updated at 05:12 on February 21, 2020.