Marine Biodiversity and Climate Change: Assessing and Predicting the Influence of Climate Change Using Intertidal Rocky Shore Biota
This source preferred by Roger Herbert
Authors: Mieszkowska, N., Herbert, R.J.H. et al.
Journal: Marine Biological Association Occasional Publication
In the last 60 years climate change has altered the distribution and abundance of many seashore species. Below is a summary of the findings of this project.
The MarClim project was a four year multi-partner funded project created to investigate the effects of climatic warming on marine biodiversity. In particular the project aimed to use intertidal species, whose abundances had been shown to fluctuate with changes in climatic conditions, as indicator species of likely responses of species not only on rocky shores, but also those found offshore.
The project used historic time series data, from in some cases the 1950s onwards, and contemporary data collected as part of the MarClim project (2001-2005), to provide evidence of changes in the abundance, range and population structure of intertidal species and relate these changes to recent rapid climatic warming. In particular quantitative counts of barnacles, limpets and trochids were made as well as semi-quantitative surveys of up to 56 intertidal taxa.Historic and contemporary data informed experiments to understand the mechanisms behind these changes and models to predict future species ranges and abundances.