Covert face recognition relies on affective valence in congenital prosopagnosia

This source preferred by Sarah Bate

Authors: Bate, S., Haslam, C., Jansari, A. and Hodgson, T.L.

Journal: Cognitive Neuropsychology

Volume: 26

Pages: 391-411

ISSN: 0264-3294

DOI: 10.1080/02643290903175004

Dominant accounts of covert recognition in prosopagnosia assume subthreshold activation of face representations created prior to onset of the disorder. Yet, such accounts cannot explain covert recognition in congenital prosopagnosia, where the impairment is present from birth. Alternatively, covert recognition may rely on affective valence, yet no study has explored this possibility. The current study addressed this issue in 3 individuals with congenital prosopagnosia, using measures of the scanpath to indicate recognition. Participants were asked to memorize 30 faces paired with descriptions of aggressive, nice, or neutral behaviours. In a later recognition test, eye movements were monitored while participants discriminated studied from novel faces. Sampling was reduced for studied-nice compared to studied-aggressive faces, and performance for studied-neutral and novel faces fell between these two conditions. This pattern of findings suggests that (a) positive emotion can facilitate processing in prosopagnosia, and (b) covert recognition may rely on emotional valence rather than familiarity.

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Bate, S., Haslam, C., Jansari, A. and Hodgson, T.L.

Journal: Cogn Neuropsychol

Volume: 26

Issue: 4

Pages: 391-411

eISSN: 1464-0627

DOI: 10.1080/02643290903175004

Dominant accounts of covert recognition in prosopagnosia assume subthreshold activation of face representations created prior to onset of the disorder. Yet, such accounts cannot explain covert recognition in congenital prosopagnosia, where the impairment is present from birth. Alternatively, covert recognition may rely on affective valence, yet no study has explored this possibility. The current study addressed this issue in 3 individuals with congenital prosopagnosia, using measures of the scanpath to indicate recognition. Participants were asked to memorize 30 faces paired with descriptions of aggressive, nice, or neutral behaviours. In a later recognition test, eye movements were monitored while participants discriminated studied from novel faces. Sampling was reduced for studied--nice compared to studied--aggressive faces, and performance for studied--neutral and novel faces fell between these two conditions. This pattern of findings suggests that (a) positive emotion can facilitate processing in prosopagnosia, and (b) covert recognition may rely on emotional valence rather than familiarity.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Bate, S., Haslam, C., Jansari, A. and Hodgson, T.L.

Journal: Cognitive Neuropsychology

Volume: 26

Issue: 4

Pages: 391-411

eISSN: 1464-0627

ISSN: 0264-3294

DOI: 10.1080/02643290903175004

Dominant accounts of covert recognition in prosopagnosia assume subthreshold activation of face representations created prior to onset of the disorder. Yet, such accounts cannot explain covert recognition in congenital prosopagnosia, where the impairment is present from birth. Alternatively, covert recognition may rely on affective valence, yet no study has explored this possibility. The current study addressed this issue in 3 individuals with congenital prosopagnosia, using measures of the scanpath to indicate recognition. Participants were asked to memorize 30 faces paired with descriptions of aggressive, nice, or neutral behaviours. In a later recognition test, eye movements were monitored while participants discriminated studied from novel faces. Sampling was reduced for studied-nicecompared to studied-aggressive faces, and performance for studied-neutral and novel faces fell between these two conditions. This pattern of findings suggests that(a)positive emotion can facilitate processing in prosopagnosia, and (b) covert recognition may rely on emotional valence rather than familiarity. © 2009 Psychology Press.

The data on this page was last updated at 05:24 on October 27, 2020.