Understanding Plant Community Responses to Combinations of Biotic and Abiotic Factors in Different Phases of the Plant Growth Cycle

Authors: Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Clarke, R.T., Daunt, F. and O'Hare, M.T.

Journal: PLoS ONE

Volume: 7

Issue: 11

eISSN: 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049824

Abstract:

Understanding plant community responses to combinations of biotic and abiotic factors is critical for predicting ecosystem response to environmental change. However, studies of plant community regulation have seldom considered how responses to such factors vary with the different phases of the plant growth cycle. To address this deficit we studied an aquatic plant community in an ecosystem subject to gradients in mute swan (Cygnus olor) herbivory, riparian shading, water temperature and distance downstream of the river source. We quantified abundance, species richness, evenness, flowering and dominance in relation to biotic and abiotic factors during the growth-, peak-, and recession-phases of the plant growth cycle. We show that the relative importance of biotic and abiotic factors varied between plant community properties and between different phases of the plant growth cycle. Herbivory became more important during the later phases of peak abundance and recession due to an influx of swans from adjacent pasture fields. Shading by riparian vegetation also had a greater depressing effect on biomass in later seasons, probably due to increased leaf abundance reducing light intensity reaching the aquatic plants. The effect of temperature on community diversity varied between upstream and downstream sites by altering the relative competitiveness of species at these sites. These results highlight the importance of seasonal patterns in the regulation of plant community structure and function by multiple factors. © 2012 Wood et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/20825/

Source: Scopus

Understanding plant community responses to combinations of biotic and abiotic factors in different phases of the plant growth cycle.

Authors: Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Clarke, R.T., Daunt, F. and O'Hare, M.T.

Journal: PLoS One

Volume: 7

Issue: 11

Pages: e49824

eISSN: 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049824

Abstract:

Understanding plant community responses to combinations of biotic and abiotic factors is critical for predicting ecosystem response to environmental change. However, studies of plant community regulation have seldom considered how responses to such factors vary with the different phases of the plant growth cycle. To address this deficit we studied an aquatic plant community in an ecosystem subject to gradients in mute swan (Cygnus olor) herbivory, riparian shading, water temperature and distance downstream of the river source. We quantified abundance, species richness, evenness, flowering and dominance in relation to biotic and abiotic factors during the growth-, peak-, and recession-phases of the plant growth cycle. We show that the relative importance of biotic and abiotic factors varied between plant community properties and between different phases of the plant growth cycle. Herbivory became more important during the later phases of peak abundance and recession due to an influx of swans from adjacent pasture fields. Shading by riparian vegetation also had a greater depressing effect on biomass in later seasons, probably due to increased leaf abundance reducing light intensity reaching the aquatic plants. The effect of temperature on community diversity varied between upstream and downstream sites by altering the relative competitiveness of species at these sites. These results highlight the importance of seasonal patterns in the regulation of plant community structure and function by multiple factors.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/20825/

Source: PubMed

Preferred by: Richard Stillman and Kevin Wood

Understanding Plant Community Responses to Combinations of Biotic and Abiotic Factors in Different Phases of the Plant Growth Cycle

Authors: Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Clarke, R.T., Daunt, F. and O'Hare, M.T.

Journal: PLOS ONE

Volume: 7

Issue: 11

ISSN: 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049824

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/20825/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Understanding plant community responses to combinations of biotic and abiotic factors in different phases of the plant growth cycle.

Authors: Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Clarke, R.T., Daunt, F. and O'Hare, M.T.

Journal: PloS one

Volume: 7

Issue: 11

Pages: e49824

eISSN: 1932-6203

ISSN: 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049824

Abstract:

Understanding plant community responses to combinations of biotic and abiotic factors is critical for predicting ecosystem response to environmental change. However, studies of plant community regulation have seldom considered how responses to such factors vary with the different phases of the plant growth cycle. To address this deficit we studied an aquatic plant community in an ecosystem subject to gradients in mute swan (Cygnus olor) herbivory, riparian shading, water temperature and distance downstream of the river source. We quantified abundance, species richness, evenness, flowering and dominance in relation to biotic and abiotic factors during the growth-, peak-, and recession-phases of the plant growth cycle. We show that the relative importance of biotic and abiotic factors varied between plant community properties and between different phases of the plant growth cycle. Herbivory became more important during the later phases of peak abundance and recession due to an influx of swans from adjacent pasture fields. Shading by riparian vegetation also had a greater depressing effect on biomass in later seasons, probably due to increased leaf abundance reducing light intensity reaching the aquatic plants. The effect of temperature on community diversity varied between upstream and downstream sites by altering the relative competitiveness of species at these sites. These results highlight the importance of seasonal patterns in the regulation of plant community structure and function by multiple factors.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/20825/

Source: Europe PubMed Central

Understanding plant community responses to combinations of biotic and abiotic factors in different phases of the plant growth cycle.

Authors: Wood, K.A., Stillman, R.A., Clarke, R.T., Daunt, F. and O'Hare, M.T.

Journal: PLoS One

Volume: 7

Issue: 11

Pages: e49824

ISSN: 1932-6203

Abstract:

Understanding plant community responses to combinations of biotic and abiotic factors is critical for predicting ecosystem response to environmental change. However, studies of plant community regulation have seldom considered how responses to such factors vary with the different phases of the plant growth cycle. To address this deficit we studied an aquatic plant community in an ecosystem subject to gradients in mute swan (Cygnus olor) herbivory, riparian shading, water temperature and distance downstream of the river source. We quantified abundance, species richness, evenness, flowering and dominance in relation to biotic and abiotic factors during the growth-, peak-, and recession-phases of the plant growth cycle. We show that the relative importance of biotic and abiotic factors varied between plant community properties and between different phases of the plant growth cycle. Herbivory became more important during the later phases of peak abundance and recession due to an influx of swans from adjacent pasture fields. Shading by riparian vegetation also had a greater depressing effect on biomass in later seasons, probably due to increased leaf abundance reducing light intensity reaching the aquatic plants. The effect of temperature on community diversity varied between upstream and downstream sites by altering the relative competitiveness of species at these sites. These results highlight the importance of seasonal patterns in the regulation of plant community structure and function by multiple factors.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/20825/

Source: BURO EPrints