A token economy project with chronic schizophrenic patients

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Baker, R., Hall, J.N. and Hutchinson, K.

Journal: Br J Psychiatry

Volume: 124

Issue: 0

Pages: 367-384

ISSN: 0007-1250

This source preferred by Roger Baker

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Baker, R., Hall, J.N. and Hutchinson, K.

Journal: British Journal of Psychiatry

Volume: 124

Issue: 4

Pages: 367-384

ISSN: 0007-1250

DOI: 10.1192/bjp.124.4.367

A group of 7 schizophrenic patients with varied symptoms were moved to a ward where different aspects of a token economy system were sequentially introduced. At first patients were just exposed to a smaller ward with a better standard of care (Baseline). Then a stimulating program of daily events was started (Activity). Next free tokens were given (Non contingent) and lastly the full scale token reinforcement procedure was instituted, where patients had to earn tokens for appropriate behavior. The reason for this design was to try to understand more about the therapeutic ingredients at work in a token economy system. Theoretically the reinforcement by tokens is the key agent of therapy and so the last phase should have caused the most improvement. Patients improved in several areas, notably on dressing and initiative, and on withdrawal and thought disorder, although most of the improvement occurred before the token reinforcement phase was instituted. Also, psychiatric deterioration was associated with the token reinforcement phase. In all, token reinforcement did not emerge as the critical therapeutic agent.

This data was imported from Europe PubMed Central:

Authors: Baker, R., Hall, J.N. and Hutchinson, K.

Journal: The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science

Volume: 124

Issue: 0

Pages: 367-384

eISSN: 1472-1465

ISSN: 0007-1250

The data on this page was last updated at 04:55 on November 21, 2018.