Counteracting innovative constraints: Insights from four case studies of African knowledge-intensive metalworking and automotive clusters - 'the Akimacs'

Authors: Taura, N.D. and Watkins, D.

Journal: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development

Volume: 26

Issue: 3-4

Pages: 313-336

eISSN: 1464-5114

ISSN: 0898-5626

DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2014.904004

Abstract:

We respond to repeated calls over the years to further develop cluster theory specifically in an African context. Our contribution is to construct a framework which integrates theories focusing on path dependency, transaction cost economics (efficiency and systemic interdependency models) and regional development (lock in models). Our focus is on the innovativeness of African clusters and constraints on such innovation. Thus, drawing on cluster literature on constraints to innovation coupled with insights from current empirical work within African automotive clusters, we examine the challenges of counteracting the multilevel constraints which hinder innovation in African clusters. We develop a model for counteracting cluster constraints focusing on the impact of variations in innovative frequency, diffusion of innovations, innovative speed and protection of innovation. The model emphasizes the opportunities that arise when new entrant and incumbent firms interact to neutralize constraints at transactional, social, ecological and knowledge levels. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/22995/

Source: Scopus

Counteracting innovative constraints: insights from four case studies of African knowledge-intensive metalworking and automotive clusters – ‘the Akimacs’

Authors: Taura, N.

Journal: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development

Volume: 26

Issue: 3-4

Pages: 313-336

Abstract:

We respond to repeated calls over the years to further develop cluster theory specifically in an African context. Our contribution is to construct a framework which integrates theories focusing on path dependency, transaction cost economics (efficiency and systemic interdependency models) and regional development (lock in models). Our focus is on the innovativeness of African clusters and constraints on such innovation. Thus, drawing on cluster literature on constraints to innovation coupled with insights from current empirical work within African automotive clusters, we examine the challenges of counteracting the multilevel constraints which hinder innovation in African clusters. We develop a model for counteracting cluster constraints focusing on the impact of variations in innovative frequency, diffusion of innovations, innovative speed and protection of innovation. The model emphasizes the opportunities that arise when new entrant and incumbent firms interact to neutralize constraints at transactional, social, ecological and knowledge levels.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/22995/

Source: Manual

Preferred by: Nasiru Taura