Evidence against memorial facilitation and context-dependent memory effects through the chewing of gum
This source preferred by Andrew Johnson
Authors: Johnson, A.J. and Miles, C.
The experiment examined the prediction that chewing gum at learning and/or recall facilitated subsequent word recall. Chewing gum at learning significantly impaired recall, indicating that the chewing of gum has a detrimental impact upon initial word encoding. In addition, a context-dependent memory effect was reported for those participants who both learned and recalled in the absence of gum, however a context dependent effect was not found with chewing gum. The findings contradict previous research.