Evidence against memorial facilitation and context-dependent memory effects through the chewing of gum

This source preferred by Andrew Johnson

Authors: Johnson, A.J. and Miles, C.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/19889/

Journal: Appetite

Volume: 48

Pages: 394-396

ISSN: 0195-6663

DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2006.10.003

The experiment examined the prediction that chewing gum at learning and/or recall facilitated subsequent word recall. Chewing gum at learning significantly impaired recall, indicating that the chewing of gum has a detrimental impact upon initial word encoding. In addition, a context-dependent memory effect was reported for those participants who both learned and recalled in the absence of gum, however a context dependent effect was not found with chewing gum. The findings contradict previous research.

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