Temporal changes in vegetation and mammalian communities during Oxygen Isotope Stage 3 at Sibudu Cave

Authors: Reynolds, S.C.

Journal: Southern African Humanities V

Volume: 18

Issue: 1

Pages: 301-314


Correspondence analysis of published seed and mammalian datasets shows time-related climatic fluctuations and environmental changes in the Sibudu Cave region during Oxygen Isotope Stage 3 (OIS 3). Past vegetation and faunal communities in the Sibudu area were complex, but the macromammalian and seed species from the OIS 3 layers at Sibudu reflect broad habitat shifts which appear robust and relatively unaffected by individual species adaptations, extinctions or the actions of a single taphonomic agent. Early OIS 3 layers have ages clustering around 60 ka, and the faunal data suggest cool, dry, open woodland conditions at this time. The Late OIS 3 layers, with ages of ~50 ka and ~37 ka, have evidence for tree cover and forest-dwelling species. The relatively constant occurrence of equids and grazing bovids suggests that the Sibudu area was well-grassed throughout OIS 3.

Source: Manual

Preferred by: Sally Reynolds