The effect of foveal and parafoveal masks on the eye movements of older and younger readers

Authors: Rayner, K., Yang, J., Schuett, S. and Slattery, T.J.

Journal: Psychology and Aging

Volume: 29

Issue: 2

Pages: 205-212

eISSN: 1939-1498

ISSN: 0882-7974

DOI: 10.1037/a0036015

Abstract:

In the present study, we examined foveal and parafoveal processing in older compared with younger readers by using gaze-contingent paradigms with 4 conditions. Older and younger readers read sentences in which the text was either a) presented normally, b) the foveal word was masked as soon as it was fixated, c) all of the words to the left of the fixated word were masked, or d) all of the words to the right of the fixated word were masked. Although older and younger readers both found reading when the fixated word was masked quite difficult, the foveal mask increased sentence reading time more than 3-fold (3.4) for the older readers (in comparison with the control condition in which the sentence was presented normally) compared with the younger readers who took 1.3 times longer to read sentences in the foveal mask condition (in comparison with the control condition). The left and right parafoveal masks did not disrupt reading as severely as the foveal mask, though the right mask was more disruptive than the left mask. Also, there was some indication that the younger readers found the right mask condition relatively more disruptive than the left mask condition. © 2014 American Psychological Association.

Source: Scopus

The effect of foveal and parafoveal masks on the eye movements of older and younger readers.

Authors: Rayner, K., Yang, J., Schuett, S. and Slattery, T.J.

Journal: Psychol Aging

Volume: 29

Issue: 2

Pages: 205-212

eISSN: 1939-1498

DOI: 10.1037/a0036015

Abstract:

In the present study, we examined foveal and parafoveal processing in older compared with younger readers by using gaze-contingent paradigms with 4 conditions. Older and younger readers read sentences in which the text was either a) presented normally, b) the foveal word was masked as soon as it was fixated, c) all of the words to the left of the fixated word were masked, or d) all of the words to the right of the fixated word were masked. Although older and younger readers both found reading when the fixated word was masked quite difficult, the foveal mask increased sentence reading time more than 3-fold (3.4) for the older readers (in comparison with the control condition in which the sentence was presented normally) compared with the younger readers who took 1.3 times longer to read sentences in the foveal mask condition (in comparison with the control condition). The left and right parafoveal masks did not disrupt reading as severely as the foveal mask, though the right mask was more disruptive than the left mask. Also, there was some indication that the younger readers found the right mask condition relatively more disruptive than the left mask condition.

Source: PubMed

The Effect of Foveal and Parafoveal Masks on the Eye Movements of Older and Younger Readers

Authors: Rayner, K., Yang, J., Schuett, S. and Slattery, T.J.

Journal: PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING

Volume: 29

Issue: 2

Pages: 205-212

eISSN: 1939-1498

ISSN: 0882-7974

DOI: 10.1037/a0036015

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

The effect of foveal and parafoveal masks on the eye movements of older and younger readers.

Authors: Rayner, K., Yang, J., Schuett, S. and Slattery, T.J.

Journal: Psychology and aging

Volume: 29

Pages: 205

Publisher: American Psychological Association

Source: Manual

The effect of foveal and parafoveal masks on the eye movements of older and younger readers.

Authors: Rayner, K., Yang, J., Schuett, S. and Slattery, T.J.

Journal: Psychology and aging

Volume: 29

Issue: 2

Pages: 205-212

eISSN: 1939-1498

ISSN: 0882-7974

DOI: 10.1037/a0036015

Abstract:

In the present study, we examined foveal and parafoveal processing in older compared with younger readers by using gaze-contingent paradigms with 4 conditions. Older and younger readers read sentences in which the text was either a) presented normally, b) the foveal word was masked as soon as it was fixated, c) all of the words to the left of the fixated word were masked, or d) all of the words to the right of the fixated word were masked. Although older and younger readers both found reading when the fixated word was masked quite difficult, the foveal mask increased sentence reading time more than 3-fold (3.4) for the older readers (in comparison with the control condition in which the sentence was presented normally) compared with the younger readers who took 1.3 times longer to read sentences in the foveal mask condition (in comparison with the control condition). The left and right parafoveal masks did not disrupt reading as severely as the foveal mask, though the right mask was more disruptive than the left mask. Also, there was some indication that the younger readers found the right mask condition relatively more disruptive than the left mask condition.

Source: Europe PubMed Central

The data on this page was last updated at 19:45 on May 13, 2021.