The nature of aid and trade relationships

Authors: Osei, T.

https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-4744346444&partnerID=40&md5=1d7f32af85f39873528e1e9980cdc1bc

Journal: European Journal of Development Research

Volume: 16

Pages: 354-374

DOI: 10.1080/0957881042000220859

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Authors: Osei, R., Morrissey, O. and Lloyd, T.

Journal: European Journal of Development Research

Volume: 16

Issue: 2

Pages: 354-374

ISSN: 0957-8811

DOI: 10.1080/0957881042000220859

Researchers have analysed the relationship between aid and trade flows from donors to recipients to address one of two questions: (a) do donors use aid to increase their trade with recipients (aid leads to trade)? (b) Is trade a determinant of aid allocation decisions of donors (trade leads to aid)? As the 'aid and trade' relationship is bilateral, it may differ between donor and recipient pairs. For some pairs (a) may apply, for others (b), for others both and for others neither. This paper argues that appropriate testing for the nature of the aid and trade relationship must allow and 'test for these alternatives. Rather than pooling all observations into a sample to test for (a) or (b), which is shown to give misleading results, one should test if the underlying relationship differs in sub-samples. Using appropriate pooled samples, we find no evidence that tied aid increases trade, although donors providing a higher share of aid tend to trade more with the recipient. In terms of aid allocation, donors appear to be concerned with relative aid and trade shares rather than absolute volumes. © 2004 Taylor and Francis Ltd.

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