Parafoveal preview effects from word N+1 and word N+2 during reading: A critical review and Bayesian meta-analysis

Authors: Vasilev, M.R. and Angele, B.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24554/

Journal: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review

Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)

ISSN: 1531-5320

DOI: 10.3758/s13423-016-1147-x

The use of gaze-contingent display techniques to study reading has shown that readers attend not only to the currently fixated word, but also to the word to the right of the current fixation. However, a critical look at the literature shows that there are a number of questions that cannot be readily answered from the available literature reviews on the topic. First, there is no consensus on whether readers also attend to the second word to the right of fixation. Second, it is not clear whether parafoveal processing is more efficient in languages such as Chinese. Third, it is not well understood whether the measured effects are confounded by the properties of the parafoveal mask. The present study addressed these issues by performing a Bayesian meta-analysis of 93 experiments that used the boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975). There were three main findings: 1) the advantage of previewing the second word to the right is modest in size and likely not centred on zero; 2) Chinese readers seem to make a more efficient use of parafoveal processing, but this is mostly evident in gaze duration; 3) there are interference effects associated with using different parafoveal masks that roughly increase when the mask is less word-like.

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Vasilev, M.R. and Angele, B.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24554/

Journal: Psychon Bull Rev

Volume: 24

Issue: 3

Pages: 666-689

eISSN: 1531-5320

DOI: 10.3758/s13423-016-1147-x

The use of gaze-contingent display techniques to study reading has shown that readers attend not only the currently fixated word, but also the word to the right of the current fixation. However, a critical look at the literature shows that a number of questions cannot be readily answered from the available literature reviews on the topic. First, there is no consensus as to whether readers also attend the second word to the right of fixation. Second, it is not clear whether parafoveal processing is more efficient in languages such as Chinese. Third, it is not well understood whether the measured effects are confounded by the properties of the parafoveal mask. In the present study, we addressed these issues by performing a Bayesian meta-analysis of 93 experiments that used the boundary paradigm (Rayner, Cognitive Psychology, 7, 65-81. doi: 10.1016/0010-028590005-5 , 1975). We describe three main findings: (1) The advantage of previewing the second word to the right is modest in size and likely is not centered on zero; (2) Chinese readers do seem to make more efficient use of parafoveal processing, but this is mostly evident in gaze durations; and (3) there are interference effects associated with using different parafoveal masks that roughly increase when the mask is less word-like.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Vasilev, M.R. and Angele, B.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24554/

Journal: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review

Volume: 24

Issue: 3

Pages: 666-689

eISSN: 1531-5320

ISSN: 1069-9384

DOI: 10.3758/s13423-016-1147-x

© 2016, Psychonomic Society, Inc. The use of gaze-contingent display techniques to study reading has shown that readers attend not only the currently fixated word, but also the word to the right of the current fixation. However, a critical look at the literature shows that a number of questions cannot be readily answered from the available literature reviews on the topic. First, there is no consensus as to whether readers also attend the second word to the right of fixation. Second, it is not clear whether parafoveal processing is more efficient in languages such as Chinese. Third, it is not well understood whether the measured effects are confounded by the properties of the parafoveal mask. In the present study, we addressed these issues by performing a Bayesian meta-analysis of 93 experiments that used the boundary paradigm (Rayner, Cognitive Psychology, 7, 65–81. doi:10.1016/0010-028590005-5, 1975). We describe three main findings: (1) The advantage of previewing the second word to the right is modest in size and likely is not centered on zero; (2) Chinese readers do seem to make more efficient use of parafoveal processing, but this is mostly evident in gaze durations; and (3) there are interference effects associated with using different parafoveal masks that roughly increase when the mask is less word-like.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Vasilev, M.R. and Angele, B.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24554/

Journal: PSYCHONOMIC BULLETIN & REVIEW

Volume: 24

Issue: 3

Pages: 666-689

eISSN: 1531-5320

ISSN: 1069-9384

DOI: 10.3758/s13423-016-1147-x

The data on this page was last updated at 04:51 on October 15, 2018.