Social provocation modulates decision making and feedback processing: Examining the trajectory of development in adolescent participants

Authors: Pincham, H.L., Wu, C., Killikelly, C., Vuillier, L. and Fearon, R.M.P.

Journal: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Volume: 15

Pages: 58-66

eISSN: 1878-9307

ISSN: 1878-9293

DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2015.10.003

Abstract:

Increasingly, research is turning to the ways in which social context impacts decision making and feedback processing in adolescents. The current study recorded electroencephalography to examine the trajectory of development across adolescence, with a focus on how social context impacts cognition and behaviour. To that end, younger (10-12 years) and older (14-16 years) adolescents played a modified Taylor Aggression Paradigm against two virtual opponents: a low-provoker and a high-provoker. During the task's decision phase (where participants select punishment for their opponent), we examined two event-related potentials: the N2 and the late positive potential (LPP). During the outcome phase (where participants experience win or loss feedback), we measured the feedback related negativity (FRN). Although N2 amplitudes did not vary with provocation, LPP amplitudes were enhanced under high provocation for the younger group, suggesting that emotional reactivity during the decision phase was heightened for early adolescents. During the outcome phase, the FRN was reduced following win outcomes under high provocation for both groups, suggesting that a highly provocative social opponent may influence the reward response. Collectively, the data argue that social context is an important factor modulating neural responses in adolescent behavioural and brain development.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24885/

Source: Scopus

Social provocation modulates decision making and feedback processing: Examining the trajectory of development in adolescent participants.

Authors: Pincham, H.L., Wu, C., Killikelly, C., Vuillier, L. and Fearon, R.M.P.

Journal: Dev Cogn Neurosci

Volume: 15

Pages: 58-66

eISSN: 1878-9307

DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2015.10.003

Abstract:

Increasingly, research is turning to the ways in which social context impacts decision making and feedback processing in adolescents. The current study recorded electroencephalography to examine the trajectory of development across adolescence, with a focus on how social context impacts cognition and behaviour. To that end, younger (10-12 years) and older (14-16 years) adolescents played a modified Taylor Aggression Paradigm against two virtual opponents: a low-provoker and a high-provoker. During the task's decision phase (where participants select punishment for their opponent), we examined two event-related potentials: the N2 and the late positive potential (LPP). During the outcome phase (where participants experience win or loss feedback), we measured the feedback related negativity (FRN). Although N2 amplitudes did not vary with provocation, LPP amplitudes were enhanced under high provocation for the younger group, suggesting that emotional reactivity during the decision phase was heightened for early adolescents. During the outcome phase, the FRN was reduced following win outcomes under high provocation for both groups, suggesting that a highly provocative social opponent may influence the reward response. Collectively, the data argue that social context is an important factor modulating neural responses in adolescent behavioural and brain development.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24885/

Source: PubMed

Social provocation modulates decision making and feedback processing during adolescence

Authors: Pincham, H.L., Wu, C., Killikelly, C., Vuillier, L. and Fearon, P.

Journal: The Journal of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Volume: 15

Pages: 58-66

Publisher: Elsevier

DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2015.10.003

Abstract:

Increasingly, research is turning to the ways in which social context impacts decision making and feedback processing in adolescents. The current study recorded electroencephalography to examine the trajectory of development across adolescence, with a focus on how social context impacts cognition and behaviour. To that end, younger (10-12 years) and older (14-16 years) adolescents played a modified Taylor Aggression Paradigm against two virtual opponents: a low-provoker and a high-provoker. During the task's decision phase (where participants select punishment for their opponent), we examined two event-related potentials: the N2 and the late positive potential (LPP). During the outcome phase (where participants experience win or loss feedback), we measured the feedback related negativity (FRN). Although N2 amplitudes did not vary with provocation, LPP amplitudes were enhanced under high provocation for the younger group, suggesting that emotional reactivity during the decision phase was heightened for early adolescents. During the outcome phase, the FRN was reduced following win outcomes under high provocation for both groups, suggesting that a highly provocative social opponent may influence the reward response. Collectively, the data argue that social context is an important factor modulating neural responses in adolescent behavioural and brain development.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24885/

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878929315000936

Source: Manual

Social provocation modulates decision making and feedback processing: Examining the trajectory of development in adolescent participants.

Authors: Pincham, H.L., Wu, C., Killikelly, C., Vuillier, L. and Fearon, R.M.P.

Journal: Developmental cognitive neuroscience

Volume: 15

Pages: 58-66

eISSN: 1878-9307

ISSN: 1878-9293

DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2015.10.003

Abstract:

Increasingly, research is turning to the ways in which social context impacts decision making and feedback processing in adolescents. The current study recorded electroencephalography to examine the trajectory of development across adolescence, with a focus on how social context impacts cognition and behaviour. To that end, younger (10-12 years) and older (14-16 years) adolescents played a modified Taylor Aggression Paradigm against two virtual opponents: a low-provoker and a high-provoker. During the task's decision phase (where participants select punishment for their opponent), we examined two event-related potentials: the N2 and the late positive potential (LPP). During the outcome phase (where participants experience win or loss feedback), we measured the feedback related negativity (FRN). Although N2 amplitudes did not vary with provocation, LPP amplitudes were enhanced under high provocation for the younger group, suggesting that emotional reactivity during the decision phase was heightened for early adolescents. During the outcome phase, the FRN was reduced following win outcomes under high provocation for both groups, suggesting that a highly provocative social opponent may influence the reward response. Collectively, the data argue that social context is an important factor modulating neural responses in adolescent behavioural and brain development.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24885/

Source: Europe PubMed Central

Social provocation modulates decision making and feedback processing: Examining the trajectory of development in adolescent participants.

Authors: Pincham, H.L., Wu, C., Killikelly, C., Renshaw-Vuillier, L. and Fearon, P.

Journal: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Volume: 15

Pages: 58-66

ISSN: 1878-9293

Abstract:

Increasingly, research is turning to the ways in which social context impacts decision making and feedback processing in adolescents. The current study recorded electroencephalography to examine the trajectory of development across adolescence, with a focus on how social context impacts cognition and behaviour. To that end, younger (10-12 years) and older (14-16 years) adolescents played a modified Taylor Aggression Paradigm against two virtual opponents: a low-provoker and a high-provoker. During the task's decision phase (where participants select punishment for their opponent), we examined two event-related potentials: the N2 and the late positive potential (LPP). During the outcome phase (where participants experience win or loss feedback), we measured the feedback related negativity (FRN). Although N2 amplitudes did not vary with provocation, LPP amplitudes were enhanced under high provocation for the younger group, suggesting that emotional reactivity during the decision phase was heightened for early adolescents. During the outcome phase, the FRN was reduced following win outcomes under high provocation for both groups, suggesting that a highly provocative social opponent may influence the reward response. Collectively, the data argue that social context is an important factor modulating neural responses in adolescent behavioural and brain development.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24885/

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878929315000936

Source: BURO EPrints