Modulation of haloperidol-induced patterns of the transcription factor Nur77 and Nor-1 expression by serotonergic and adrenergic drugs in the mouse brain

Authors: Maheux, J., Vuillier, L., Mahfouz, M., Rouillard, C. and Levesque, D.

Journal: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology

Volume: 15

Issue: 4

Pages: 509-521

Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy C - Option B

ISSN: 1469-5111

DOI: 10.1017/S1461145711000630

Different patterns of expression of the transcription factors of Nur77 and Nor-1 are induced following acute administration of typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs. The pharmacological profile of atypical antipsychotics suggests that serotonergic and/or adrenergic receptors might contribute to these reported differences. In order to test this possibility, we examined the abilities of serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A/2C, and α1- and α2-adrenergic receptor drugs to modify the pattern of Nur77 (NR4A1) and Nor-1 (NR4A3) mRNA expression induced by haloperidol.

Various groups of mice were treated with either saline, DOI, a 5-HT2A/2C agonist, MDL11939, a 5-HT2A antagonist, 8-OH-DPAT, a 5-HT1A agonist, prazosin, an α1-adrenergic antagonist and idazoxan, an α2-adrenergic antagonist, alone or in combination with haloperidol. The 5-HT2A/2C agonist DOI alone significantly increased Nur77 expression in the medial striatum and nucleus accumbens. DOI reduced Nor-1 expression, while MDL11939 increased the expression of this transcript in the cortex. Prazosin reduced Nur77 expression in the dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens. Interestingly, 8-OH-DPAT and MDL11939 partially prevented haloperidol-induced Nur77 up-regulation, while MDL11939 completely abolished Nor-1 expression in the striatum. In addition, MDL11939 decreased haloperidol-induced Nur77 and Nor-1 mRNA levels in the ventral tegmental area. On the contrary, idazoxan (α2 antagonist) consistently potentiated haloperidolinduced Nur77, but not Nor-1 mRNA levels in the striatum, whereas prazosin (α1 antagonist) remained without effect. Taken together, these results show the ability of a 5-HT1A agonist or a 5- HT2A antagonist to reduce haloperidol-induced Nur77 and Nor-1 striatal expression, suggesting that these serotonin receptor subtypes participate in the differential pattern of gene expression induced by typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs.

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Maheux, J., Vuillier, L., Mahfouz, M., Rouillard, C. and Lévesque, D.

Journal: Int J Neuropsychopharmacol

Volume: 15

Issue: 4

Pages: 509-521

eISSN: 1469-5111

DOI: 10.1017/S1461145711000630

Different patterns of expression of the transcription factors of Nur77 and Nor-1 are induced following acute administration of typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs. The pharmacological profile of atypical antipsychotics suggests that serotonergic and/or adrenergic receptors might contribute to these reported differences. In order to test this possibility, we examined the abilities of serotonin 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A/2C), and α₁- and α₂-adrenergic receptor drugs to modify the pattern of Nur77 (NR4A1) and Nor-1 (NR4A3) mRNA expression induced by haloperidol. Various groups of mice were treated with either saline, DOI, a 5-HT(2A/2C) agonist, MDL11939, a 5-HT(2A) antagonist, 8-OH-DPAT, a 5-HT(1A) agonist, prazosin, an α₁-adrenergic antagonist and idazoxan, an α₂-adrenergic antagonist, alone or in combination with haloperidol. The 5-HT(2A/2C) agonist DOI alone significantly increased Nur77 expression in the medial striatum and nucleus accumbens. DOI reduced Nor-1 expression, while MDL11939 increased the expression of this transcript in the cortex. Prazosin reduced Nur77 expression in the dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens. Interestingly, 8-OH-DPAT and MDL11939 partially prevented haloperidol-induced Nur77 up-regulation, while MDL11939 completely abolished Nor-1 expression in the striatum. In addition, MDL11939 decreased haloperidol-induced Nur77 and Nor-1 mRNA levels in the ventral tegmental area. On the contrary, idazoxan (α₂ antagonist) consistently potentiated haloperidol-induced Nur77, but not Nor-1 mRNA levels in the striatum, whereas prazosin (α₁ antagonist) remained without effect. Taken together, these results show the ability of a 5-HT(1A) agonist or a 5-HT(2A) antagonist to reduce haloperidol-induced Nur77 and Nor-1 striatal expression, suggesting that these serotonin receptor subtypes participate in the differential pattern of gene expression induced by typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Maheux, J., Vuillier, L., Mahfouz, M., Rouillard, C. and Levesque, D.

Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY

Volume: 15

Issue: 4

Pages: 509-521

ISSN: 1461-1457

DOI: 10.1017/S1461145711000630

The data on this page was last updated at 13:55 on February 25, 2020.