Increasing the harvest for mussels Mytilus edulis without harming oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus

Authors: Goss-Custard, J.D., Bowgen, K.M. and Stillman, R.A.

Journal: Marine Ecology Progress Series

Pages: 101-110

ISSN: 0171-8630

DOI: 10.3354/meps12875

Abstract:

Oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus arriving on their wintering grounds at the end of summer require 6 to 8 times more mussel Mytilus edulis biomass to be available on their feeding grounds than they will consume over the winter if the birds’ normal high survival rate until spring is to be maintained. In other words, their ecological requirement (ER) is considerably larger than their physiological requirement (PR). The ecological multiplier (EM) is the ratio of ER:PR and has been applied to a number of shellfisheries to calculate the total allowable catch (TAC). The high value of the EM, however, has meant that mussel fisheries have suffered from much-reduced harvests and thus economic difficulties. This paper proposes 2 methods by which the TAC could be increased with no predicted impact on the birds. In the ‘roll-over’ approach, the surplus biomass remaining at the end of a given month is harvested during the next. In the ‘delayed start’ approach, the EM is not set at the beginning of autumn but at the beginning of the winter, which is when birds begin to starve. The 2 approaches can be applied together and would enable many more mussels to be harvested than is currently allowed without reducing oystercatcher survival. In the test case presented here, the TAC over the winter could be increased from 5% to between 35 and 45% of the standing crop of mussels present in September when the birds arrive.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32020/

Source: Scopus

Increasing the harvest for mussels Mytilus edulis without harming oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus

Authors: Goss-Custard, J.D., Bowgen, K.M. and Stillman, R.A.

Journal: MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES

Volume: 612

Pages: 101-110

eISSN: 1616-1599

ISSN: 0171-8630

DOI: 10.3354/meps12875

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32020/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Increasing the harvest for mussels Mytilus edulis (L.) without harming oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus (L.)

Authors: Goss-Custard, J.D., Bowgen, K.M. and Stillman, R.A.

Journal: Marine Ecology Progress Series

Issue: 612

Pages: 101-110

Publisher: Inter-Research Science Publishing

ISSN: 0171-8630

Abstract:

Oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus (L.) arriving on their wintering grounds at the end of summer require there to be 6-8 times more mussel Mytilus edulis (L.) biomass available on their feeding grounds than they will consume over the winter if the birds’ normal high survival rate until spring is to be maintained: that is, their ‘Ecological Requirement (ER)’ is considerably larger than their ‘Physiological Requirement (PR)’. The ratio ER/PR was termed the ‘Ecological Multiplier (EM) and has been applied to a number of shellfisheries to calculate the Total Allowable Catch (TAC). The high value of the EM, however, has meant that mussel fisheries have suffered from much reduced harvests and thus economic difficulties. This paper proposes two methods by which the TAC could be increased without any predicted impact on the birds. In the ‘roll-over’ approach, the surplus biomass remaining at the end of one month is harvested during the next. In the ‘delayed start’ approach, the EM is not set at the beginning of autumn but at the beginning of the winter, which is when birds begin to starve. The two approaches can be applied together and would enable many more mussels to be harvested than is currently allowed without reducing oystercatcher survival. In the test case presented here, the TAC over the winter could be increased from 5% to between 35% and 45% of the standing crop of mussels present in September when the birds arrive.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32020/

Source: Manual

Increasing the harvest for mussels Mytilus edulis (L.) without harming oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus (L.)

Authors: Goss-Custard, J.D., Bowgen, K.M. and Stillman, R.A.

Journal: Marine Ecology Progress Series

Volume: 612

Pages: 101-110

ISSN: 0171-8630

Abstract:

Oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus (L.) arriving on their wintering grounds at the end of summer require there to be 6-8 times more mussel Mytilus edulis (L.) biomass available on their feeding grounds than they will consume over the winter if the birds’ normal high survival rate until spring is to be maintained: that is, their ‘Ecological Requirement (ER)’ is considerably larger than their ‘Physiological Requirement (PR)’. The ratio ER/PR was termed the ‘Ecological Multiplier (EM) and has been applied to a number of shellfisheries to calculate the Total Allowable Catch (TAC). The high value of the EM, however, has meant that mussel fisheries have suffered from much reduced harvests and thus economic difficulties. This paper proposes two methods by which the TAC could be increased without any predicted impact on the birds. In the ‘roll-over’ approach, the surplus biomass remaining at the end of one month is harvested during the next. In the ‘delayed start’ approach, the EM is not set at the beginning of autumn but at the beginning of the winter, which is when birds begin to starve. The two approaches can be applied together and would enable many more mussels to be harvested than is currently allowed without reducing oystercatcher survival. In the test case presented here, the TAC over the winter could be increased from 5% to between 35% and 45% of the standing crop of mussels present in September when the birds arrive.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32020/

Source: BURO EPrints