Association of Exposures to Seated Postures With Immediate Increases in Back Pain: A Systematic Review of Studies With Objectively Measured Sitting Time

Authors: DeCarvalho, D., Breen, A. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32989/

Journal: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Publisher: Elsevier

ISSN: 0161-4754

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.10.001

have determined sitting time by self-report and/or LBP by recall following exposure. Given known problems with recall and the validity of estimated sitting time, we conducted a systematic review of studies using objectively measured sitting time to determine if sitting time is associated with immediate LBP in adults. Methods: Four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL) were searched from inception to September 1, 2018. Randomized controlled trials, cohort and cross-sectional studies, where objectively measured sitting time was temporally matched with a measure of LBP in adults, were included. Studies without a control session conducted on a separate day were excluded. Screening, full text review, data extraction and risk of bias assessment (QUIPS) of included papers were performed independently by two reviewers, with a third available to resolve disagreements. Results: In total, 609 articles were identified, 361 titles/abstracts were screened,75 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility and 10 met the inclusion criteria. All but one reported sitting time to be associated with immediate increase in LBP. Six of these reported clinically relevant pain levels (n=330). Half of the included studies were rated as having low risk of bias and the remaining as moderate risk of bias. Conclusion: Prolonged sitting increases immediate reporting of LBP in adults; however, no conclusion between sitting and clinical episodes of LBP can be made. Future prospective studies should match objectively measured sitting with temporally related pain measurements to determine whether prolonged sitting can trigger a clinical episode of LBP.

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: De Carvalho, D.E., Breen, A. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32989/

Journal: J Manipulative Physiol Ther

Volume: 43

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-12

eISSN: 1532-6586

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.10.001

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of studies to determine whether sitting time measured objectively (by laboratory controlled time trial, direct observation, or wearable sensor) is associated with the immediate increase in low back pain (LBP) (determined by pain scale rating) in people >18 years of age. METHODS: Four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) were searched from inception to September 1, 2018. Randomized controlled trials and cohort and cross-sectional studies, where objectively measured sitting time was temporally matched with a measure of LBP in adults, were included. Studies without a control session conducted on a separate day were excluded. Screening, full-text review, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment (Quality In Prognosis Studies) of included papers were performed independently by 2 reviewers, with a third available to resolve disagreements. RESULTS: In total, 609 articles were identified, 361 titles/abstracts were screened,75 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, and 10 met the inclusion criteria. All but 1 reported sitting time to be associated with an immediate increase in LBP. Six of these reported clinically relevant pain levels (n = 330). Half of the included studies were rated as having a low risk of bias and the remaining were rated as having a moderate risk of bias. CONCLUSION: Prolonged sitting increases immediate reporting of LBP in adults; however, no conclusion between sitting and clinical episodes of LBP can be made. Based upon these findings, we recommend that future prospective studies should match objectively measured sitting with temporally related pain measurements to determine whether prolonged sitting can trigger a clinical episode of LBP.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: De Carvalho, D.E., Breen, A. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32989/

Journal: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Volume: 43

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-12

eISSN: 1532-6586

ISSN: 0161-4754

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.10.001

© 2020 Objective: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of studies to determine whether sitting time measured objectively (by laboratory controlled time trial, direct observation, or wearable sensor) is associated with the immediate increase in low back pain (LBP) (determined by pain scale rating) in people >18 years of age. Methods: Four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) were searched from inception to September 1, 2018. Randomized controlled trials and cohort and cross-sectional studies, where objectively measured sitting time was temporally matched with a measure of LBP in adults, were included. Studies without a control session conducted on a separate day were excluded. Screening, full-text review, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment (Quality In Prognosis Studies) of included papers were performed independently by 2 reviewers, with a third available to resolve disagreements. Results: In total, 609 articles were identified, 361 titles/abstracts were screened,75 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, and 10 met the inclusion criteria. All but 1 reported sitting time to be associated with an immediate increase in LBP. Six of these reported clinically relevant pain levels (n = 330). Half of the included studies were rated as having a low risk of bias and the remaining were rated as having a moderate risk of bias. Conclusion: Prolonged sitting increases immediate reporting of LBP in adults; however, no conclusion between sitting and clinical episodes of LBP can be made. Based upon these findings, we recommend that future prospective studies should match objectively measured sitting with temporally related pain measurements to determine whether prolonged sitting can trigger a clinical episode of LBP.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: De Carvalho, D.E., Breen, A. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/32989/

Journal: JOURNAL OF MANIPULATIVE AND PHYSIOLOGICAL THERAPEUTICS

Volume: 43

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-12

ISSN: 0161-4754

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.10.001

The data on this page was last updated at 05:31 on November 27, 2020.