Missing the point: re-evaluating the earliest lithic technology in the Middle Orinoco.

Authors: Riris, P., Oliver, J.R. and Mendieta, N.L.

Journal: R Soc Open Sci

Volume: 5

Issue: 6

Pages: 180690

ISSN: 2054-5703

DOI: 10.1098/rsos.180690

Abstract:

The Culebra site, located in close proximity to the Atures Rapids, is one of the very few open-air occupations in the entire Orinoco valley that is thought to date to the early Holocene. Following renewed excavations in this location, we characterize the stone technology in unprecedented detail and perform both quantitative and qualitative analyses of the assemblage deposited in the first cultural layers. Additionally, we directly date the sediment forming the depositional context of the assemblage using stratigraphically stable components of soil organic matter. Coupled with our stratigraphic and paedological data, the deposit is, contrary to established estimates, shown to date to the late Holocene, well after the appearance of ceramics in the region. The toolkit identified through the lithic analysis, therefore, does not reflect an Archaic hunter-gatherer adaptation as previously assumed. Our findings are placed in the context of previous research in the Orinoco and lowland South America more broadly. More work is needed to understand the changing role of different stone tool reduction sequences with reference to adaptational strategies and bioclimatic variability.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/33471/

Source: PubMed

Missing the point: re-evaluating the earliest lithic technology in the Middle Orinoco

Authors: Riris, P., Oliver, J.R. and Mendieta, N.L.

Journal: ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE

Volume: 5

Issue: 6

ISSN: 2054-5703

DOI: 10.1098/rsos.180690

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/33471/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Missing the point: re-evaluating the earliest lithic technology in the Middle Orinoco

Authors: Riris, P., Oliver, J. and Lozada Mendieta, N.

Journal: Royal Society Open Science

Volume: 5

Publisher: The Royal Society

ISSN: 2054-5703

Abstract:

The Culebra site, located in close proximity to the Atures Rapids, is one of the very few open-air occupations in the entire Orinoco valley that is thought to date to the early Holocene. Following renewed excavations in this location, we characterize the stone technology in unprecedented detail and perform both quantitative and qualitative analyses of the assemblage deposited in the first cultural layers. Additionally, we directly date the sediment forming the depositional context of the assemblage using stratigraphically stable components of soil organic matter. Coupled with our stratigraphic and paedological data, the deposit is, contrary to established estimates, shown to date to the late Holocene, well after the appearance of ceramics in the region. The toolkit identified through the lithic analysis, therefore, does not reflect an Archaic hunter–gatherer adaptation as previously assumed. Our findings are placed in the context of previous research in the Orinoco and lowland South America more broadly. More work is needed to understand the changing role of different stone tool reduction sequences with reference to adaptational strategies and bioclimatic variability.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/33471/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.180690

Source: Manual

Missing the point: re-evaluating the earliest lithic technology in the Middle Orinoco.

Authors: Riris, P., Oliver, J.R. and Mendieta, N.L.

Journal: Royal Society open science

Volume: 5

Issue: 6

Pages: 180690

eISSN: 2054-5703

ISSN: 2054-5703

DOI: 10.1098/rsos.180690

Abstract:

The Culebra site, located in close proximity to the Atures Rapids, is one of the very few open-air occupations in the entire Orinoco valley that is thought to date to the early Holocene. Following renewed excavations in this location, we characterize the stone technology in unprecedented detail and perform both quantitative and qualitative analyses of the assemblage deposited in the first cultural layers. Additionally, we directly date the sediment forming the depositional context of the assemblage using stratigraphically stable components of soil organic matter. Coupled with our stratigraphic and paedological data, the deposit is, contrary to established estimates, shown to date to the late Holocene, well after the appearance of ceramics in the region. The toolkit identified through the lithic analysis, therefore, does not reflect an Archaic hunter-gatherer adaptation as previously assumed. Our findings are placed in the context of previous research in the Orinoco and lowland South America more broadly. More work is needed to understand the changing role of different stone tool reduction sequences with reference to adaptational strategies and bioclimatic variability.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/33471/

Source: Europe PubMed Central