Data-Driven Anomaly Diagnosis for Machining Processes
Authors: Liang, Y.C., Wang, S., Li, W.D. and Lu, X.
To achieve zero-defect production during computer numerical control (CNC) machining processes, it is imperative to develop effective diagnosis systems to detect anomalies efficiently. However, due to the dynamic conditions of the machine and tooling during machining processes, the relevant diagnosis systems currently adopted in industries are incompetent. To address this issue, this paper presents a novel data-driven diagnosis system for anomalies. In this system, power data for condition monitoring are continuously collected during dynamic machining processes to support online diagnosis analysis. To facilitate the analysis, preprocessing mechanisms have been designed to de-noise, normalize, and align the monitored data. Important features are extracted from the monitored data and thresholds are defined to identify anomalies. Considering the dynamic conditions of the machine and tooling during machining processes, the thresholds used to identify anomalies can vary. Based on historical data, the values of thresholds are optimized using a fruit fly optimization (FFO) algorithm to achieve more accurate detection. Practical case studies were used to validate the system, thereby demonstrating the potential and effectiveness of the system for industrial applications.