What makes implementation intentions (in)effective for physical activity among older adults?

Authors: Warner, L.M., Fleig, L., Wolff, J.K., Keller, J., Schwarzer, R., Nyman, S.R. and Wurm, S.

Journal: British Journal of Health Psychology

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 571-587

eISSN: 2044-8287

ISSN: 1359-107X

DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12563

Abstract:

Objectives: For most populations, implementation intentions (IIs) facilitate physical activity (PA). However, for older adults, previous studies found mixed evidence for the effectiveness of this behaviour change technique. To examine which characteristics of IIs predict successful enactment, the content of older participants’ IIs formed within a self-regulatory intervention to prompt PA was analysed. Design: A sample of N = 126 German speaking adults aged 64 and older formed up to six IIs for PA and reported their enactment 5 weeks later. Methods: Controlling for age and sex, multilevel models tested associations between characteristics of IIs (e.g., chronological rank of II, hetero- and homogeneity, specificity, presence of certain cues) and enactment. Results: Significantly related to enactment were: the chronological rank of an II (first IIs superior to last IIs), greater heterogeneity in activities, greater specificity of when-cues, and greater use of pre-existing routines. Conclusions: Participants were more likely to enact their IIs 5 weeks later if they planned different (heterogeneous) activities, created IIs with more specific when-cues (e.g., on Monday at 9 am), and in particular a routine (e.g., after breakfast). They also enacted the first three IIs (chronological rank of II) more often than the last three IIs. Future experimental studies should test whether providing instructions to create IIs based on the above significant characteristics lead to more effective health behaviour change among older adults.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36071/

Source: Scopus

What makes implementation intentions (in)effective for physical activity among older adults?

Authors: Warner, L.M., Fleig, L., Wolff, J.K., Keller, J., Schwarzer, R., Nyman, S.R. and Wurm, S.

Journal: Br J Health Psychol

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 571-587

eISSN: 2044-8287

DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12563

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: For most populations, implementation intentions (IIs) facilitate physical activity (PA). However, for older adults, previous studies found mixed evidence for the effectiveness of this behaviour change technique. To examine which characteristics of IIs predict successful enactment, the content of older participants' IIs formed within a self-regulatory intervention to prompt PA was analysed. DESIGN: A sample of N = 126 German speaking adults aged 64 and older formed up to six IIs for PA and reported their enactment 5 weeks later. METHODS: Controlling for age and sex, multilevel models tested associations between characteristics of IIs (e.g., chronological rank of II, hetero- and homogeneity, specificity, presence of certain cues) and enactment. RESULTS: Significantly related to enactment were: the chronological rank of an II (first IIs superior to last IIs), greater heterogeneity in activities, greater specificity of when-cues, and greater use of pre-existing routines. CONCLUSIONS: Participants were more likely to enact their IIs 5 weeks later if they planned different (heterogeneous) activities, created IIs with more specific when-cues (e.g., on Monday at 9 am), and in particular a routine (e.g., after breakfast). They also enacted the first three IIs (chronological rank of II) more often than the last three IIs. Future experimental studies should test whether providing instructions to create IIs based on the above significant characteristics lead to more effective health behaviour change among older adults.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36071/

Source: PubMed

What makes implementation intentions (in)effective for physical activity among older adults?

Authors: Warner, L.M., Fleig, L., Wolff, J.K., Keller, J., Schwarzer, R., Nyman, S. and Wurm, S.

Journal: BRITISH JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 571-587

eISSN: 2044-8287

ISSN: 1359-107X

DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12563

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36071/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

What makes implementation intentions (in)effective for physical activity among older adults?

Authors: Warner, L.M., Fleig, L., Wolff, J.K., Keller, J., Schwarzer, R., Nyman, S.R. and Wurm, S.

Journal: British Journal of Health Psychology

DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12563

Abstract:

Objectives: For most populations, implementation intentions (IIs) facilitate physical activity (PA). However, for older adults, previous studies found mixed evidence for the effectiveness of this behaviour change technique (BCT). To examine which characteristics of IIs predict successful enactment, the content of older participants’ IIs formed within a self-regulatory intervention to prompt PA was analysed.

Design: A sample of N = 126 German speaking adults aged 64 and older formed up to six IIs for PA and reported their enactment five weeks later. Methods: Controlling for age and sex, multilevel models tested associations between characteristics of IIs (e.g., chronological rank of II, hetero- and homogeneity, specificity, presence of certain cues) and enactment. Results: Significantly related to enactment were: the chronological rank of an II (first IIs superior to last IIs), greater heterogeneity in activities, greater specificity of when-cues, and greater use of pre-existing routines.

Conclusions: Participants were more likely to enact their IIs five weeks later if they planned different (heterogeneous) activities, created IIs with more specific when-cues (e.g., on Monday at 9 am), and in particular a routine (e.g., after breakfast). They also enacted the first three IIs (chronological rank of II) more often than the last three IIs. Future experimental studies should test whether providing instructions to create IIs based on the above significant characteristics lead to more effective health behaviour change among older adults.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36071/

https://bpspsychub.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjhp.12563

Source: Manual

What makes implementation intentions (in)effective for physical activity among older adults?

Authors: Warner, L.M., Fleig, L., Wolff, J.K., Keller, J., Schwarzer, R., Nyman, S.R. and Wurm, S.

Journal: British journal of health psychology

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 571-587

eISSN: 2044-8287

ISSN: 1359-107X

DOI: 10.1111/bjhp.12563

Abstract:

Objectives

For most populations, implementation intentions (IIs) facilitate physical activity (PA). However, for older adults, previous studies found mixed evidence for the effectiveness of this behaviour change technique. To examine which characteristics of IIs predict successful enactment, the content of older participants' IIs formed within a self-regulatory intervention to prompt PA was analysed.

Design

A sample of N = 126 German speaking adults aged 64 and older formed up to six IIs for PA and reported their enactment 5 weeks later.

Methods

Controlling for age and sex, multilevel models tested associations between characteristics of IIs (e.g., chronological rank of II, hetero- and homogeneity, specificity, presence of certain cues) and enactment.

Results

Significantly related to enactment were: the chronological rank of an II (first IIs superior to last IIs), greater heterogeneity in activities, greater specificity of when-cues, and greater use of pre-existing routines.

Conclusions

Participants were more likely to enact their IIs 5 weeks later if they planned different (heterogeneous) activities, created IIs with more specific when-cues (e.g., on Monday at 9 am), and in particular a routine (e.g., after breakfast). They also enacted the first three IIs (chronological rank of II) more often than the last three IIs. Future experimental studies should test whether providing instructions to create IIs based on the above significant characteristics lead to more effective health behaviour change among older adults.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36071/

Source: Europe PubMed Central

What makes implementation intentions (in)effective for physical activity among older adults?

Authors: Warner, L.M., Fleig, L., Wolff, J.K., Keller, J., Schwarzer, R., Nyman, S.R. and Wurm, S.

Journal: British Journal of Health Psychology

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 571-587

ISSN: 1359-107X

Abstract:

Objectives: For most populations, implementation intentions (IIs) facilitate physical activity (PA). However, for older adults, previous studies found mixed evidence for the effectiveness of this behaviour change technique (BCT). To examine which characteristics of IIs predict successful enactment, the content of older participants’ IIs formed within a self-regulatory intervention to prompt PA was analysed. Design: A sample of N = 126 German speaking adults aged 64 and older formed up to six IIs for PA and reported their enactment five weeks later. Methods: Controlling for age and sex, multilevel models tested associations between characteristics of IIs (e.g., chronological rank of II, hetero- and homogeneity, specificity, presence of certain cues) and enactment. Results: Significantly related to enactment were: the chronological rank of an II (first IIs superior to last IIs), greater heterogeneity in activities, greater specificity of when-cues, and greater use of pre-existing routines. Conclusions: Participants were more likely to enact their IIs five weeks later if they planned different (heterogeneous) activities, created IIs with more specific when-cues (e.g., on Monday at 9 am), and in particular a routine (e.g., after breakfast). They also enacted the first three IIs (chronological rank of II) more often than the last three IIs. Future experimental studies should test whether providing instructions to create IIs based on the above significant characteristics lead to more effective health behaviour change among older adults.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36071/

Source: BURO EPrints