Measuring and modelling microclimatic air temperature in a historically degraded tropical forest

Authors: Marsh, C.D., Hill, R.A., Nowak, M.G., Hankinson, E., Abdullah, A., Gillingham, P. and Korstjens, A.H.

Journal: International Journal of Biometeorology

Volume: 66

Issue: 6

Pages: 1283-1295

eISSN: 1432-1254

ISSN: 0020-7128

DOI: 10.1007/s00484-022-02276-4

Abstract:

Climate change is predicted to cause widespread disruptions to global biodiversity. Most climate models are at the macroscale, operating at a ~ 1 km resolution and predicting future temperatures at 1.5–2 m above ground level, making them unable to predict microclimates at the scale that many organisms experience temperature. We studied the effects of forest structure and vertical position on microclimatic air temperature within forest canopy in a historically degraded tropical forest in Sikundur, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia. We collected temperature measurements in fifteen plots over 20 months, alongside vegetation structure data from the same fifteen 25 × 25 m plots. We also performed airborne surveys using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to record canopy structure remotely, both over the plot locations and a wider area. We hypothesised that old-growth forest structure would moderate microclimatic air temperature. Our data showed that Sikundur is a thermally dynamic environment, with simultaneously recorded temperatures at different locations within the canopy varying by up to ~ 15 °C. Our models (R2 = 0.90 to 0.95) showed that temperature differences between data loggers at different sites were largely determined by variation in recording height and the amount of solar radiation reaching the topmost part of the canopy, although strong interactions between these abiotic factors and canopy structure shaped microclimate air temperature variation. The impacts of forest degradation have smaller relative influence on models of microclimatic air temperature than abiotic factors, but the loss of canopy density increases temperature. This may render areas of degraded tropical forests unsuitable for some forest-dwelling species with the advent of future climate change.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36810/

Source: Scopus

Measuring and modelling microclimatic air temperature in a historically degraded tropical forest.

Authors: Marsh, C.D., Hill, R.A., Nowak, M.G., Hankinson, E., Abdullah, A., Gillingham, P. and Korstjens, A.H.

Journal: Int J Biometeorol

Volume: 66

Issue: 6

Pages: 1283-1295

eISSN: 1432-1254

DOI: 10.1007/s00484-022-02276-4

Abstract:

Climate change is predicted to cause widespread disruptions to global biodiversity. Most climate models are at the macroscale, operating at a ~ 1 km resolution and predicting future temperatures at 1.5-2 m above ground level, making them unable to predict microclimates at the scale that many organisms experience temperature. We studied the effects of forest structure and vertical position on microclimatic air temperature within forest canopy in a historically degraded tropical forest in Sikundur, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia. We collected temperature measurements in fifteen plots over 20 months, alongside vegetation structure data from the same fifteen 25 × 25 m plots. We also performed airborne surveys using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to record canopy structure remotely, both over the plot locations and a wider area. We hypothesised that old-growth forest structure would moderate microclimatic air temperature. Our data showed that Sikundur is a thermally dynamic environment, with simultaneously recorded temperatures at different locations within the canopy varying by up to ~ 15 °C. Our models (R2 = 0.90 to 0.95) showed that temperature differences between data loggers at different sites were largely determined by variation in recording height and the amount of solar radiation reaching the topmost part of the canopy, although strong interactions between these abiotic factors and canopy structure shaped microclimate air temperature variation. The impacts of forest degradation have smaller relative influence on models of microclimatic air temperature than abiotic factors, but the loss of canopy density increases temperature. This may render areas of degraded tropical forests unsuitable for some forest-dwelling species with the advent of future climate change.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36810/

Source: PubMed

Measuring and modelling microclimatic air temperature in a historically degraded tropical forest

Authors: Marsh, C.D., Hill, R.A., Nowak, M.G., Hankinson, E., Abdullah, A., Gillingham, P. and Korstjens, A.H.

Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY

Volume: 66

Issue: 6

Pages: 1283-1295

eISSN: 1432-1254

ISSN: 0020-7128

DOI: 10.1007/s00484-022-02276-4

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36810/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Measuring and modelling microclimatic air temperature in a historically degraded tropical forest

Authors: Marsh, C.D., Hill, R.A., Nowak, M.G., Hankinson, E., Abdullah, A., Gillingham, P. and Korstjens, A.H.

Journal: International Journal of Biometeorology: the description, causes, and implications of climatic change

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISSN: 0020-7128

DOI: 10.1007/s00484-022-02276-4

Abstract:

Climate change is predicted to cause widespread disruptions to global biodiversity. Most climate models are at the macroscale, operating at a ~1 km resolution and predicting future temperatures at 1.5–2 m above ground level, making them unable to predict microclimates at the scale that many organisms experience temperature. We studied the efects of forest structure and vertical position on microclimatic air temperature within forest canopy in a historically degraded tropical forest in Sikundur, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia. We collected temperature measurements in ffteen plots over 20 months, alongside vegetation structure data from the same ffteen 25×25 m plots. We also performed airborne surveys using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to record canopy structure remotely, both over the plot locations and a wider area. We hypothesised that old-growth forest structure would moderate microclimatic air temperature. Our data showed that Sikundur is a thermally dynamic envi ronment, with simultaneously recorded temperatures at diferent locations within the canopy varying by up to~15 °C. Our models (R2=0.90 to 0.95) showed that temperature diferences between data loggers at diferent sites were largely determined by variation in recording height and the amount of solar radiation reaching the topmost part of the canopy, although strong interactions between these abiotic factors and canopy structure shaped microclimate air temperature variation. The impacts of forest degradation have smaller relative influence on models of microclimatic air temperature than abiotic factors, but the loss of canopy density increases temperature. This may render areas of degraded tropical forests unsuitable for some forest dwelling species with the advent of future climate change

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36810/

https://trebuchet.public.springernature.app/get_content/d92a1cc8-afbd-4e2e-b594-d22d9a653ef8

Source: Manual

Measuring and modelling microclimatic air temperature in a historically degraded tropical forest.

Authors: Marsh, C.D., Hill, R.A., Nowak, M.G., Hankinson, E., Abdullah, A., Gillingham, P. and Korstjens, A.H.

Journal: International journal of biometeorology

Volume: 66

Issue: 6

Pages: 1283-1295

eISSN: 1432-1254

ISSN: 0020-7128

DOI: 10.1007/s00484-022-02276-4

Abstract:

Climate change is predicted to cause widespread disruptions to global biodiversity. Most climate models are at the macroscale, operating at a ~ 1 km resolution and predicting future temperatures at 1.5-2 m above ground level, making them unable to predict microclimates at the scale that many organisms experience temperature. We studied the effects of forest structure and vertical position on microclimatic air temperature within forest canopy in a historically degraded tropical forest in Sikundur, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia. We collected temperature measurements in fifteen plots over 20 months, alongside vegetation structure data from the same fifteen 25 × 25 m plots. We also performed airborne surveys using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to record canopy structure remotely, both over the plot locations and a wider area. We hypothesised that old-growth forest structure would moderate microclimatic air temperature. Our data showed that Sikundur is a thermally dynamic environment, with simultaneously recorded temperatures at different locations within the canopy varying by up to ~ 15 °C. Our models (R2 = 0.90 to 0.95) showed that temperature differences between data loggers at different sites were largely determined by variation in recording height and the amount of solar radiation reaching the topmost part of the canopy, although strong interactions between these abiotic factors and canopy structure shaped microclimate air temperature variation. The impacts of forest degradation have smaller relative influence on models of microclimatic air temperature than abiotic factors, but the loss of canopy density increases temperature. This may render areas of degraded tropical forests unsuitable for some forest-dwelling species with the advent of future climate change.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36810/

Source: Europe PubMed Central

Measuring and modelling microclimatic air temperature in a historically degraded tropical forest

Authors: Marsh, C.D., Hill, R.A., Nowak, M.G., Hankinson, E., Abdullah, A., Gillingham, P.K. and Korstjens, A.

Journal: International Journal of Biometeorology

Volume: 66

Issue: June

Pages: 1283-1295

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISSN: 0020-7128

Abstract:

Climate change is predicted to cause widespread disruptions to global biodiversity. Most climate models are at the macroscale, operating at a ~1 km resolution and predicting future temperatures at 1.5–2 m above ground level, making them unable to predict microclimates at the scale that many organisms experience temperature. We studied the efects of forest structure and vertical position on microclimatic air temperature within forest canopy in a historically degraded tropical forest in Sikundur, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia. We collected temperature measurements in ffteen plots over 20 months, alongside vegetation structure data from the same ffteen 25×25 m plots. We also performed airborne surveys using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to record canopy structure remotely, both over the plot locations and a wider area. We hypothesised that old-growth forest structure would moderate microclimatic air temperature. Our data showed that Sikundur is a thermally dynamic envi ronment, with simultaneously recorded temperatures at diferent locations within the canopy varying by up to~15 °C. Our models (R2=0.90 to 0.95) showed that temperature diferences between data loggers at diferent sites were largely determined by variation in recording height and the amount of solar radiation reaching the topmost part of the canopy, although strong interactions between these abiotic factors and canopy structure shaped microclimate air temperature variation. The impacts of forest degradation have smaller relative influence on models of microclimatic air temperature than abiotic factors, but the loss of canopy density increases temperature. This may render areas of degraded tropical forests unsuitable for some forest dwelling species with the advent of future climate change

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/36810/

Source: BURO EPrints