A study of tribological durability with associated environmental impacts of a domestic refrigerator

This source preferred by Mark Hadfield

Authors: Ciantar, C. and Hadfield, M.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6TX5-4B6687X-6-N&_cdi=5581&_user=1682380&_orig=search&_coverDate=06%2F30%2F2004&_sk=999749995&view=c&wchp=dGLbVlz-zSkWA&md5=38b54dd77f40c2195b5a712632df69f7&ie=/sdarticle.pdf

Journal: Materials and Design

Volume: 25

Pages: 331-334

ISSN: 0261-3069

DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2003.10.016

Environmental considerations have led to the phase out of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants from the domestic refrigeration industry. One intriguing aspect is that the chlorine in CFCs is a good lubricating agent and any deterioration of system performance may adversely influence other environmental considerations. Based on this consideration, the aim of this research is to address the sustainable development of domestic refrigeration systems using the replacement refrigerant HFC-134a. The work focuses on the emissions that may arise if the electrical consumption of the product deteriorates or its durability is curtailed. Tribological characteristics on compressor components influence both of these product attributes and therefore a thorough system analysis was carried out. An in-house built experimental test rig, which monitored slight variations in the electrical power drawn by a reciprocating hermetic compressor, was used under different experimental conditions. Furthermore, a detailed life cycle assessment on a domestic refrigerator was performed to help quantify the ensuing environmental burdens. In this way, a relation between tribological characteristics, power consumption and environmental impact was studied. This paper shows that the CFC substitute will increase friction and wear characteristics on the aluminium alloy connecting rod and the steel gudgeon pin. These characteristics may contribute to the observed increase in the electrical energy consumption of the compressor such that the indirect global warming implications rise with HFC-134a. If the sustainable development of this product is to be ascertained then a change in refrigerants alone will not suffice.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Ciantar, C. and Hadfield, M.

Journal: Materials and Design

Volume: 25

Issue: 4

Pages: 331-341

eISSN: 1873-4197

ISSN: 0261-3069

DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2003.10.016

Environmental considerations have led to the phase out of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants from the domestic refrigeration industry. One intriguing aspect is that the chlorine in CFCs is a good lubricating agent and any deterioration of system performance may adversely influence other environmental considerations. Based on this consideration, the aim of this research is to address the sustainable development of domestic refrigeration systems using the replacement refrigerant HFC-134a. The work focuses on the emissions that may arise if the electrical consumption of the product deteriorates or its durability is curtailed. Tribological characteristics on compressor components influence both of these product attributes and therefore a thorough system analysis was carried out. An in-house built experimental test rig, which monitored slight variations in the electrical power drawn by a reciprocating hermetic compressor, was used under different experimental conditions. Furthermore, a detailed life cycle assessment on a domestic refrigerator was performed to help quantify the ensuing environmental burdens. In this way, a relation between tribological characteristics, power consumption and environmental impact was studied. This paper shows that the CFC substitute will increase friction and wear characteristics on the aluminium alloy connecting rod and the steel gudgeon pin. These characteristics may contribute to the observed increase in the electrical energy consumption of the compressor such that the indirect global warming implications rise with HFC-134a. If the sustainable development of this product is to be ascertained then a change in refrigerants alone will not suffice. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Ciantar, C. and Hadfield, M.

Journal: MATERIALS & DESIGN

Volume: 25

Issue: 4

Pages: 331-341

eISSN: 1873-4197

ISSN: 0264-1275

DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2003.10.016

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