A comparative study of the use of four fall risk assessment tools on acute medical wards

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Authors: Vassallo, M., Stockdale, R., Sharma, J.C., Briggs, R.S.J. and Allen, S.C.

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118681260/abstract

Journal: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Volume: 53

Pages: 1034

ISSN: 0002-8614

DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53316.x

Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of four falls risk assessment tools (STRATIFY, Downton, Tullamore, and Tinetti) by using them simultaneously in the same environment.

Design: Prospective, open, observational study.

Setting: Two acute medical wards admitting predominantly older patients.

Participants: One hundred thirty-five patients, 86 female, mean age±standard deviation 83.8±8.01 (range 56–100).

Measurements: A single clinician prospectively completed the four falls risk assessment tools. The extent of completion and time to complete each tool was recorded. Patients were followed until discharge, noting the occurrence of falls. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive accuracy, positive predictive accuracy, and total predictive accuracy were calculated.

Results: The number of patients that the STRATIFY correctly identified (n=90) was significantly higher than the Downton (n=46; P<.001), Tullamore (n=66; P=.005), or Tinetti (n=52; P<.001) tools, but the STRATIFY had the poorest sensitivity (68.2%). The STRATIFY was also the only tool that could be fully completed in all patients (n=135), compared with the Downton (n=130; P=.06), Tullamore (n=130; P=.06), and Tinetti (n=17; P<.001). The time required to complete the STRATIFY tool (average 3.85 minutes) was significantly less than for the Downton (6.34 minutes; P<.001), Tinetti (7.4 minutes; P<.001), and Tullamore (6.25 minutes; P<.001). The Kaplan-Meier test showed that the STRATIFY (log rank P=.001) and Tullamore tools (log rank P<.001) were effective at predicting falls over the first week of admission. The Downton (log rank P=.46) and Tinetti tools (log rank P=.41) did not demonstrate this characteristic.

Conclusion: Significant differences were identified in the performance and complexity between the four risk assessment tools studied. The STRATIFY tool was the shortest and easiest to complete and had the highest predictive value but the lowest sensitivity.

, FRCP §

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Vassallo, M., Stockdale, R., Sharma, J.C., Briggs, R. and Allen, S.

Journal: J Am Geriatr Soc

Volume: 53

Issue: 6

Pages: 1034-1038

ISSN: 0002-8614

DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53316.x

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of four falls risk assessment tools (STRATIFY, Downton, Tullamore, and Tinetti) by using them simultaneously in the same environment. DESIGN: Prospective, open, observational study. SETTING: Two acute medical wards admitting predominantly older patients. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-five patients, 86 female, mean age+/-standard deviation 83.8+/-8.01 (range 56-100). MEASUREMENTS: A single clinician prospectively completed the four falls risk assessment tools. The extent of completion and time to complete each tool was recorded. Patients were followed until discharge, noting the occurrence of falls. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive accuracy, positive predictive accuracy, and total predictive accuracy were calculated. RESULTS: The number of patients that the STRATIFY correctly identified (n=90) was significantly higher than the Downton (n=46; P<.001), Tullamore (n=66; P=.005), or Tinetti (n=52; P<.001) tools, but the STRATIFY had the poorest sensitivity (68.2%). The STRATIFY was also the only tool that could be fully completed in all patients (n=135), compared with the Downton (n=130; P=.06), Tullamore (n=130; P=.06), and Tinetti (n=17; P<.001). The time required to complete the STRATIFY tool (average 3.85 minutes) was significantly less than for the Downton (6.34 minutes; P<.001), Tinetti (7.4 minutes; P<.001), and Tullamore (6.25 minutes; P<.001). The Kaplan-Meier test showed that the STRATIFY (log rank P=.001) and Tullamore tools (log rank P<.001) were effective at predicting falls over the first week of admission. The Downton (log rank P=.46) and Tinetti tools (log rank P=.41) did not demonstrate this characteristic. CONCLUSION: Significant differences were identified in the performance and complexity between the four risk assessment tools studied. The STRATIFY tool was the shortest and easiest to complete and had the highest predictive value but the lowest sensitivity.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Vassallo, M., Stockdale, R., Sharma, J.C., Briggs, R. and Allen, S.

Journal: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Volume: 53

Issue: 6

Pages: 1034-1038

eISSN: 1532-5415

ISSN: 0002-8614

DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53316.x

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of four falls risk assessment tools (STRATIFY, Downton, Tullamore, and Tinetti) by using them simultaneously in the same environment. DESIGN: Prospective, open, observational study. SETTING: Two acute medical wards admitting predominantly older patients. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-five patients, 86 female, mean age ±standard deviation 83.8 ± 8.01 (range 56-100). MEASUREMENTS: A single clinician prospectively completed the four falls risk assessment tools. The extent of completion and time to complete each tool was recorded. Patients were followed until discharge, noting the occurrence of falls. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive accuracy, positive predictive accuracy, and total predictive accuracy were calculated. RESULTS: The number of patients that the STRATIFY correctly identified (n = 90) was significantly higher than the Downton (n = 46; P < .001), Tullamore (n = 66; P = .005), or Tinetti (n = 52; P < .001) tools, but the STRATIFY had the poorest sensitivity (68.2%). The STRATIFY was also the only tool that could be fully completed in all patients (n = 135), compared with the Downton (n = 130; P = .06), Tullamore (n = 130; P = .06), and Tinetti (n = 17; P < .001). The time required to complete the STRATIFY tool (average 3.85 minutes) was significantly less than for the Downton (6.34 minutes; P < .001), Tinetti (7.4 minutes; P < .001), and Tullamore (6.25 minutes; P < .001). The Kaplan-Meier test showed that the STRATIFY (log rank P = .001) and Tullamore tools (log rank P < .001) were effective at predicting falls over the first week of admission. The Downton (log rank P = .46) and Tinetti tools (log rank P = .41) did not demonstrate this characteristic. CONCLUSION: Significant differences were identified in the performance and complexity between the four risk assessment tools studied. The STRATIFY tool was the shortest and easiest to complete and had the highest predictive value but the lowest sensitivity. © 2005 by the American Geriatrics Society.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Vassallo, M., Stockdale, R., Sharma, J.C., Briggs, R. and Allen, S.

Journal: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY

Volume: 53

Issue: 6

Pages: 1034-1038

ISSN: 0002-8614

DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53316.x

This data was imported from Europe PubMed Central:

Authors: Vassallo, M., Stockdale, R., Sharma, J.C., Briggs, R. and Allen, S.

Journal: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Volume: 53

Issue: 6

Pages: 1034-1038

eISSN: 1532-5415

ISSN: 0002-8614

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of four falls risk assessment tools (STRATIFY, Downton, Tullamore, and Tinetti) by using them simultaneously in the same environment. DESIGN: Prospective, open, observational study. SETTING: Two acute medical wards admitting predominantly older patients. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-five patients, 86 female, mean age+/-standard deviation 83.8+/-8.01 (range 56-100). MEASUREMENTS: A single clinician prospectively completed the four falls risk assessment tools. The extent of completion and time to complete each tool was recorded. Patients were followed until discharge, noting the occurrence of falls. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive accuracy, positive predictive accuracy, and total predictive accuracy were calculated. RESULTS: The number of patients that the STRATIFY correctly identified (n=90) was significantly higher than the Downton (n=46; P<.001), Tullamore (n=66; P=.005), or Tinetti (n=52; P<.001) tools, but the STRATIFY had the poorest sensitivity (68.2%). The STRATIFY was also the only tool that could be fully completed in all patients (n=135), compared with the Downton (n=130; P=.06), Tullamore (n=130; P=.06), and Tinetti (n=17; P<.001). The time required to complete the STRATIFY tool (average 3.85 minutes) was significantly less than for the Downton (6.34 minutes; P<.001), Tinetti (7.4 minutes; P<.001), and Tullamore (6.25 minutes; P<.001). The Kaplan-Meier test showed that the STRATIFY (log rank P=.001) and Tullamore tools (log rank P<.001) were effective at predicting falls over the first week of admission. The Downton (log rank P=.46) and Tinetti tools (log rank P=.41) did not demonstrate this characteristic. CONCLUSION: Significant differences were identified in the performance and complexity between the four risk assessment tools studied. The STRATIFY tool was the shortest and easiest to complete and had the highest predictive value but the lowest sensitivity.

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