Antenna Grouping Assisted Spatial Modulation for mmWave-based UAV-BS

Authors: Zuo, X., Zhang, J., Han, G. and Mu, X.

Journal: IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference

Volume: 2021-September

ISBN: 9781665413688

ISSN: 1550-2252

DOI: 10.1109/VTC2021-Fall52928.2021.9625155

Abstract:

The flexible deployment without new infrastructure makes unmanned aerial vehicles employing as base stations (UAV-BS) promising for many applications. Since the signals in millimeter-wave frequencies have very small wavelengths, large antenna arrays can be placed in the UAV-BS. Thus, the UAV-BS is capable of providing abundant spatial resources. Spatial modulation (SM) is an effective technology in exploiting additional capacity of the spatial domain by transmitting antenna indices as virtual bits information. However, a limitation of the classical SM is a single transmit antenna activated at each time slot. As a result, the multiplexing gain offered by the multiple transmit antennas has a significant loss. Generalised spatial modulation (GSM) allows several antennas to be activated to overcome the problem of SM. However, GSM has an improvement in throughput, while suffers from the performance loss resulting from the channel correlation, which is generated by multiple active antennas. Thus, the grouping SM (GrSM) is utilized to offer spatial capacity for the UAV-BS in mmWave frequency. Specially, the transmit antennas of the UAV-BS are partitioned into groups based on their channel characteristics. The SM is adopted by each group, and the multiplexing gain is achieved across groups. Moreover, the deployment of the UAV-BS has significant influence on the throughput of the system. In this paper, we formulate a problem to maximize the achievable sum rate of the ground user. The GrSM scheme is utilized to obtain extra throughput in spatial domain. Since the dimension of the UAV position is not very high, a grid based exhaustive search method is adopted to solve the optimization problem. Simulation results demonstrate the proposed solution has an improvement in terms of the sum rate performance.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35771/

Source: Scopus

Antenna Grouping Assisted Spatial Modulation for mmWave-based UAV-BS

Authors: Zuo, X., Zhang, J., Han, G., Mu, X. and IEEE

Journal: 2021 IEEE 94TH VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE (VTC2021-FALL)

ISSN: 2577-2465

DOI: 10.1109/VTC2021-FALL52928.2021.9625155

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35771/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Antenna Grouping Assisted Spatial Modulation for mmWave-based UAV-BS

Authors: Zuo, X., Zhang, J., Han, G. and Mu, X.

Conference: IEEE 94rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2021 Fall)

Dates: 27-30 September 2021

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35771/

Source: Manual

Antenna Grouping Assisted Spatial Modulation for mmWave-based UAV-BS

Authors: Zuo, X., Zhang, J., Han, G. and Mu, X.

Conference: IEEE 94rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2021 Fall)

Abstract:

—The flexible deployment without new infrastructure makes unmanned aerial vehicles employing as base stations (UAV-BS) promising for many application. Since the signals in millimeter-wave frequencies have very small wavelengths, large antenna arrays can be placed in the UAV-BS. Thus, the UAV-BS is capable of providing abundant spatial resources.

Spatial modulation (SM) is an effective technology in exploiting additional capacity of the spatial domain by transmitting antenna indices as virtual bits information. However, a limitation of the classical SM is a single transmit antenna activated at each time slot. As a result, the multiplexing gain offered by the multiple transmit antennas has a significantly loss. Generalised spatial modulation (GSM) allows several antennas to be activated to overcome the problem of SM. However, GSM has a improvement in throughput, while suffers from the performance loss resulting from the channel correlation, which is generated by multiple active antennas. Thus, the grouping SM (GrSM) is utilized to offer spatial capacity for the UAV-BS in mmWave frequency.

Specially, the transmit antennas of the UAV-BS are partitioned into groups based on their channel characteristics. The SM is adopted by each group, and the multiplexing gain is achieved across groups. Moreover, the deployment of the UAV-BS has significantly influence on the throughput of the system. In this paper, we formulate a problem to maximize the achievable sum rate of the ground user. The GrSM scheme is utilized to obtain extra throughput in spatial domain. Since the dimension of the UAV position is not very high, a grid based exhaustive search method is adopted to solve the optimization problem. Simulation results demonstrate the proposed solution has an improvement in terms of the sum rate performance.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35771/

Source: BURO EPrints