Development and validation of a decision tree early warning score based on routine laboratory test results for the discrimination of hospital mortality in emergency medical admissions

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Authors: Jarvis, S.W., Kovacs, C., Badriyah, T., Briggs, J., Mohammed, M.A., Prytherch, D.R., Meredith, P., Schmidt, P.E., Featherstone, P.I. and Smith, G.B.

Journal: Resuscitation

eISSN: 1873-1570

ISSN: 0300-9572

DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2013.05.018

Aim of study: To build an early warning score (EWS) based exclusively on routinely undertaken laboratory tests that might provide early discrimination of in-hospital death and could be easily implemented on paper. Materials and methods: Using a database of combined haematology and biochemistry results for 86,472 discharged adult patients for whom the admission specialty was Medicine, we used decision tree (DT) analysis to generate a laboratory decision tree early warning score (LDT-EWS) for each gender. LDT-EWS was developed for a single set (n = 3496) (Q) and validated in 22 other discrete sets each of three months long (Q, Q...Q) (total n = 82,976; range of n = 3428 to 4093) by testing its ability to discriminate in-hospital death using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic (AUROC) curve. Results: The data generated slightly different models for male and female patients. The ranges of AUROC values (95% CI) for LDT-EWS with in-hospital death as the outcome for the validation sets Q-Q were: 0.755 (0.727-0.783) (Q) to 0.801 (0.776-0.826) [all patients combined, n = 82,976]; 0.744 (0.704-0.784, Q16) to 0.824 (0.792-0.856, Q2) [39,591 males]; and 0.742 (0.707-0.777, Q10) to 0.826 (0.796-0.856, Q12) [43,385 females]. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that the results of commonly measured laboratory tests collected soon after hospital admission can be represented in a simple, paper-based EWS (LDT-EWS) to discriminate in-hospital mortality. We hypothesise that, with appropriate modification, it might be possible to extend the use of LDT-EWS throughout the patient's hospital stay. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Jarvis, S.W., Kovacs, C., Badriyah, T., Briggs, J., Mohammed, M.A., Meredith, P., Schmidt, P.E., Featherstone, P.I., Prytherch, D.R. and Smith, G.B.

Journal: RESUSCITATION

Volume: 84

Issue: 11

Pages: 1494-1499

ISSN: 0300-9572

DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2013.05.018

The data on this page was last updated at 04:53 on April 22, 2019.