Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in adults: comorbid or overlapping disorders?
Journal: Dyspraxia Foundation Professional Journal
Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) is one of the inherited disorders of connective tissues, presenting as a condition in which there are neuromusculoskeletal signs and symptoms notably pain without the inflammatory component of other rheumatological diseases. Coordination, motor control difficulties and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have been noted in children with hypermobile joints and JHS. Persistence of DCD into adolescence and adulthood has been established but is as yet under recognised. This article discusses the connection between these two conditions using the terms comorbid and overlapping in relation to the diagnostic criteria for JHS and DCD. There is evidence to suggest these two conditions overlap sharing some important features notably impaired proprioception, functional and social difficulties, pain and autonomic dysfunction. Further research is now required to improve the recognition and understanding of the global aspects of JHS and DCD and to gain an understanding of how the lives of those with these overlapping conditions are affected. Building on these results may enlighten prevention and treatment programs for both children and adults.