Tribological behaviour of two imidazolium ionic liquids as lubricant additives for steel/steel contacts
This source preferred by Antolin Hernandez Battez
Authors: Battez, A.H., González, R., Viesca, J.L., Blanco, D., Asedegbega, E. and Osorio, A.
In this paper two room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs), 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluroborate [HMIM][BF4] and 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [HMIM][PF6], have been studied as 1%wt. additives of a mineral hydrocracking oil for steel-steel contacts. Rheological properties of the mixtures and base oil were determined over shear rates and temperatures ranging 1-1000 s-1 and 40-100 °C, respectively. Friction and wear testing was made using a block-on-ring tribometer set for pure sliding contact and XPS was used to analyze wear surfaces. [HMIM][PF6] and [HMIM][BF4] increased the viscosity of the base oil and decreased friction and wear. Friction and wear reduction are related to reactivity of the anion of the ionic liquids with surfaces forming FeF3, B2O3, and species such as P2O5 or PO4 3-. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.