CuO, ZrO2 and ZnO nanoparticles as antiwear additive in oil lubricants
Authors: Hernández Battez, A., González, R., Viesca, J.L., Fernández, J.E., Díaz Fernández, J.M., Machado, A., Chou, R. and Riba, J.
This work presents and discusses the antiwear behaviour of nanoparticle suspensions in a polyalphaolefin (PAO 6). CuO, ZnO and ZrO2 nanoparticles were separately dispersed at 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0%wt. in PAO 6 using an ultrasonic probe for 2 min. AW properties were obtained using a TE53SLIM tribometer with a block-on-ring configuration. Tests were made under a load of 165 N, sliding speed of 2 m/s and a total distance of 3.066 m. Wear surfaces were analysed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) after wear tests. The study led to the following conclusions: all nanoparticle suspensions exhibited reductions in friction and wear compared to the base oil; the suspensions with 0.5% of ZnO and ZrO2 had the best general tribological behaviour, exhibiting high friction and wear reduction values even at low deposition levels on the wear surface; CuO suspensions showed the highest friction coefficient and lowest wear per nanoparticle content of 2%; and the antiwear mechanism of nanoparticulate additive was produced by tribo-sintering. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Preferred by: Antolin Hernandez Battez