A Role for Behavior in the Relationships Between Depression and Hostility and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence, Mortality, and All-Cause Mortality: the Prime Study

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Appleton, K.M. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23315/

Journal: Ann Behav Med

Volume: 50

Issue: 4

Pages: 582-591

eISSN: 1532-4796

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-016-9784-x

BACKGROUND: Behavioral factors are important in disease incidence and mortality and may explain associations between mortality and various psychological traits. PURPOSE: These analyses investigated the impact of behavioral factors on the associations between depression, hostility and cardiovascular disease(CVD) incidence, CVD mortality, and all-cause mortality. METHODS: Data from the PRIME Study (N = 6953 men) were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models, following adjustment for demographic and biological CVD risk factors, and other psychological traits, including social support. RESULTS: Following initial adjustment, both depression and hostility were significantly associated with both mortality outcomes (smallest SHR = 1.24, p < 0.001). Following adjustment for behavioral factors, all relationships were attenuated both when accounting for and not accounting for other psychological variables. Associations with all-cause mortality remained significant (smallest SHR = 1.14, p = 0.04). Of the behaviors included, the most significant contribution to outcomes was found for smoking, but a role was also found for fruit and vegetable intakes and high alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate well-known associations between depression, hostility, and mortality and suggest the potential importance of behaviors in explaining these relationships.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Appleton, K.M. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23315/

Journal: Annals of Behavioral Medicine

Volume: 50

Issue: 4

Pages: 582-591

ISSN: 0883-6612

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-016-9784-x

© 2016, The Author(s). Background: Behavioral factors are important in disease incidence and mortality and may explain associations between mortality and various psychological traits. Purpose: These analyses investigated the impact of behavioral factors on the associations between depression, hostility and cardiovascular disease(CVD) incidence, CVD mortality, and all-cause mortality. Methods: Data from the PRIME Study (N = 6953 men) were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models, following adjustment for demographic and biological CVD risk factors, and other psychological traits, including social support. Results: Following initial adjustment, both depression and hostility were significantly associated with both mortality outcomes (smallest SHR = 1.24, p < 0.001). Following adjustment for behavioral factors, all relationships were attenuated both when accounting for and not accounting for other psychological variables. Associations with all-cause mortality remained significant (smallest SHR = 1.14, p = 0.04). Of the behaviors included, the most significant contribution to outcomes was found for smoking, but a role was also found for fruit and vegetable intakes and high alcohol consumption. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate well-known associations between depression, hostility, and mortality and suggest the potential importance of behaviors in explaining these relationships.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Appleton, K.M. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23315/

Journal: ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE

Volume: 50

Issue: 4

Pages: 582-591

eISSN: 1532-4796

ISSN: 0883-6612

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-016-9784-x

This data was imported from Europe PubMed Central:

Authors: Appleton, K.M. et al.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/23315/

Journal: Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine

Volume: 50

Issue: 4

Pages: 582-591

eISSN: 1532-4796

ISSN: 0883-6612

Behavioral factors are important in disease incidence and mortality and may explain associations between mortality and various psychological traits.These analyses investigated the impact of behavioral factors on the associations between depression, hostility and cardiovascular disease(CVD) incidence, CVD mortality, and all-cause mortality.Data from the PRIME Study (N = 6953 men) were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models, following adjustment for demographic and biological CVD risk factors, and other psychological traits, including social support.Following initial adjustment, both depression and hostility were significantly associated with both mortality outcomes (smallest SHR = 1.24, p < 0.001). Following adjustment for behavioral factors, all relationships were attenuated both when accounting for and not accounting for other psychological variables. Associations with all-cause mortality remained significant (smallest SHR = 1.14, p = 0.04). Of the behaviors included, the most significant contribution to outcomes was found for smoking, but a role was also found for fruit and vegetable intakes and high alcohol consumption.These findings demonstrate well-known associations between depression, hostility, and mortality and suggest the potential importance of behaviors in explaining these relationships.

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