Effect of a conjugated linoleic acid and ω-3 fatty acid mixture on body composition and adiponectin

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This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Sneddon, A.A., Tsofliou, F., Fyfe, C.L., Matheson, I., Jackson, D.M., Horgan, G., Winzell, M.S., Wahle, K.W.J., Ahren, B. and Williams, L.M.

Journal: Obesity (Silver Spring)

Volume: 16

Issue: 5

Pages: 1019-1024

ISSN: 1930-7381

DOI: 10.1038/oby.2008.41

This study aimed to determine the effect of supplementation with conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) plus n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) on body composition, adiposity, and hormone levels in young and older, lean and obese men. Young (31.4+/-3.9 years) lean (BMI, 23.6+/-1.5 kg/m2; n=13) and obese (BMI, 32.4+/-1.9 kg/m2; n=12) and older (56.5+/-4.6 years) lean (BMI, 23.6+/-1.5 kg/m2; n=20) and obese (BMI, 32.0+/-1.6 kg/m2; n=14) men participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study. Subjects received either 6 g/day control fat or 3 g/day CLA (50:50 cis-9, trans-11:trans-10, cis-12) and 3 g/day n-3 LC-PUFA for 12 weeks with a 12-week wash-out period between crossovers. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Fasting adiponectin, leptin, glucose, and insulin concentrations were measured and insulin resistance estimated by homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). In the younger obese subjects, CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA supplementation compared with control fat did not result in increased abdominal fat and raised both fat-free mass (2.4%) and adiponectin levels (12%). CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA showed no significant effects on HOMA-IR in any group but did increase fasting glucose in older obese subjects. In summary, supplementation with CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA prevents increased abdominal fat mass and raises fat-free mass and adiponectin levels in younger obese individuals without deleteriously affecting insulin sensitivity, whereas these parameters in young and older lean and older obese individuals were unaffected, apart from increased fasting glucose in older obese men.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Sneddon, A.A., Tsofliou, F., Fyfe, C.L., Matheson, I., Jackson, D.M., Horgan, G., Winzell, M.S., Wahle, K.W.J., Ahren, B. and Williams, L.M.

Journal: Obesity

Volume: 16

Issue: 5

Pages: 1019-1024

eISSN: 1930-739X

ISSN: 1930-7381

DOI: 10.1038/oby.2008.41

This study aimed to determine the effect of supplementation with conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) plus n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) on body composition, adiposity, and hormone levels in young and older, lean and obese men. Young (31.4 ± 3.9 years) lean (BMI, 23.6 ± 1.5 kg/m2; n = 13) and obese (BMI, 32.4 ± 1.9 kg/m 2; n = 12) and older (56.5 ± 4.6 years) lean (BMI, 23.6 ± 1.5 kg/m2; n = 20) and obese (BMI, 32.0 ± 1.6 kg/m2; n = 14) men participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study. Subjects received either 6 g/day control fat or 3 g/day CLA (50:50 cis-9, trans-11:trans-10, cis-12) and 3 g/day n-3 LC-PUFA for 12 weeks with a 12-week wash-out period between crossovers. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Fasting adiponectin, leptin, glucose, and insulin concentrations were measured and insulin resistance estimated by homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). In the younger obese subjects, CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA supplementation compared with control fat did not result in increased abdominal fat and raised both fat-free mass (2.4%) and adiponectin levels (12%). CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA showed no significant effects on HOMA-IR in any group but did increase fasting glucose in older obese subjects. In summary, supplementation with CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA prevents increased abdominal fat mass and raises fat-free mass and adiponectin levels in younger obese individuals without deleteriously affecting insulin sensitivity, whereas these parameters in young and older lean and older obese individuals were unaffected, apart from increased fasting glucose in older obese men. © 2008 The Obesity Society.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Sneddon, A.A., Tsofliou, F., Fyfe, C.L., Matheson, I., Jackson, D.M., Horgan, G., Winzell, M.S., Wahle, K.W.J., Ahren, B. and Williams, L.M.

Journal: OBESITY

Volume: 16

Issue: 5

Pages: 1019-1024

eISSN: 1930-739X

ISSN: 1930-7381

DOI: 10.1038/oby.2008.41

This data was imported from Europe PubMed Central:

Authors: Sneddon, A.A., Tsofliou, F., Fyfe, C.L., Matheson, I., Jackson, D.M., Horgan, G., Winzell, M.S., Wahle, K.W., Ahren, B. and Williams, L.M.

Journal: Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)

Volume: 16

Issue: 5

Pages: 1019-1024

eISSN: 1930-739X

ISSN: 1930-7381

This study aimed to determine the effect of supplementation with conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) plus n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) on body composition, adiposity, and hormone levels in young and older, lean and obese men. Young (31.4+/-3.9 years) lean (BMI, 23.6+/-1.5 kg/m2; n=13) and obese (BMI, 32.4+/-1.9 kg/m2; n=12) and older (56.5+/-4.6 years) lean (BMI, 23.6+/-1.5 kg/m2; n=20) and obese (BMI, 32.0+/-1.6 kg/m2; n=14) men participated in a double-blind placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study. Subjects received either 6 g/day control fat or 3 g/day CLA (50:50 cis-9, trans-11:trans-10, cis-12) and 3 g/day n-3 LC-PUFA for 12 weeks with a 12-week wash-out period between crossovers. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Fasting adiponectin, leptin, glucose, and insulin concentrations were measured and insulin resistance estimated by homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). In the younger obese subjects, CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA supplementation compared with control fat did not result in increased abdominal fat and raised both fat-free mass (2.4%) and adiponectin levels (12%). CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA showed no significant effects on HOMA-IR in any group but did increase fasting glucose in older obese subjects. In summary, supplementation with CLA plus n-3 LC-PUFA prevents increased abdominal fat mass and raises fat-free mass and adiponectin levels in younger obese individuals without deleteriously affecting insulin sensitivity, whereas these parameters in young and older lean and older obese individuals were unaffected, apart from increased fasting glucose in older obese men.

The data on this page was last updated at 05:25 on September 29, 2020.