The effect of calf neuromuscular electrical stimulation and intermittent pneumatic compression on thigh microcirculation

Authors: Bahadori, S., Immins, T. and Wainwright, T.W.

Journal: Microvascular Research

Volume: 111

Pages: 37-41

eISSN: 1095-9319

ISSN: 0026-2862

DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2017.01.001

Abstract:

Objective This study compares the effectiveness of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) device and an intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) device on enhancing microcirculatory blood flow in the thigh of healthy individuals, when stimulation is carried out peripherally at the calf. Materials and methods Blood microcirculation of ten healthy individuals was recorded using laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) technique. A region of interest (ROI) was marked on each participant thigh. The mean flux within the ROI was calculated at four states: rest, NMES device with visible muscle actuation (VMA), NMES device with no visible muscle actuation (NVMA) and IPC device. Results Both NMES and IPC devices increased blood flow in the thigh when stimulation was carried out peripherally at the calf. The NMES device increased mean blood perfusion from baseline by 399.8% at the VMA state and 150.6% at the NVMA state, IPC device increased the mean blood perfusion by 117.3% from baseline. Conclusion The NMES device at VMA state increased microcirculation by more than a factor of 3 in contrast to the IPC device. Even at the NVMA state, the NMES device increased blood flow by 23% more than the IPC device. Given the association between increased microcirculation and reduced oedema, NMES may be a more effective modality than IPC at reducing oedema, therefore further research is needed to explore this.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/26175/

Source: Scopus

The effect of calf neuromuscular electrical stimulation and intermittent pneumatic compression on thigh microcirculation.

Authors: Bahadori, S., Immins, T. and Wainwright, T.W.

Journal: Microvasc Res

Volume: 111

Pages: 37-41

eISSN: 1095-9319

DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2017.01.001

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: This study compares the effectiveness of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) device and an intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) device on enhancing microcirculatory blood flow in the thigh of healthy individuals, when stimulation is carried out peripherally at the calf. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood microcirculation of ten healthy individuals was recorded using laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) technique. A region of interest (ROI) was marked on each participant thigh. The mean flux within the ROI was calculated at four states: rest, NMES device with visible muscle actuation (VMA), NMES device with no visible muscle actuation (NVMA) and IPC device. RESULTS: Both NMES and IPC devices increased blood flow in the thigh when stimulation was carried out peripherally at the calf. The NMES device increased mean blood perfusion from baseline by 399.8% at the VMA state and 150.6% at the NVMA state, IPC device increased the mean blood perfusion by 117.3% from baseline. CONCLUSION: The NMES device at VMA state increased microcirculation by more than a factor of 3 in contrast to the IPC device. Even at the NVMA state, the NMES device increased blood flow by 23% more than the IPC device. Given the association between increased microcirculation and reduced oedema, NMES may be a more effective modality than IPC at reducing oedema, therefore further research is needed to explore this.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/26175/

Source: PubMed

The effect of calf neuromuscular electrical stimulation and intermittent pneumatic compression on thigh microcirculation

Authors: Bahadori, S., Immins, T. and Wainwright, T.W.

Journal: MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH

Volume: 111

Pages: 37-41

eISSN: 1095-9319

ISSN: 0026-2862

DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2017.01.001

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/26175/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

The effect of calf neuromuscular electrical stimulation and intermittent pneumatic compression on thigh microcirculation

Authors: Bahadori, S., Immins, T. and Wainwright, T.

Journal: Microvascular Research

Volume: 111

Pages: 37-41

ISSN: 1095-9319

DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2017.01.001

Abstract:

Objective: This study compares the effectiveness of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) device and an intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) device on enhancing microcirculatory blood flow in the thigh of healthy individuals, when stimulation is carried out peripherally at the calf. Materials and method: Blood microcirculation of ten healthy individuals was recorded using laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) technique. A region of interest (ROI) was marked on each participant thigh. The mean flux within the ROI was calculated at four states: rest, NMES device with visible muscle actuation (VMA), NMES device with no visible muscle actuation (NVMA) and IPC device. Results: Both NMES and IPC devices increased blood flow in the thigh when stimulation was carried out peripherally at the calf. The NMES device increased mean blood perfusion from baseline by 399.8% at the VMA state and 150.6% at the NVMA state, IPC device increased the mean blood perfusion by 117.3% from baseline. Conclusion: The NMES device at VMA state increased microcirculation by more than a factor of 3 in contrast to the IPC device. Even at the NVMA state, the NMES device increased blood flow by 23% more than the IPC device. Given the association between increased microcirculation and reduced oedema, NMES may be a more effective modality than IPC at reducing oedema, therefore further research is needed to explore this.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/26175/

Source: Manual

The effect of calf neuromuscular electrical stimulation and intermittent pneumatic compression on thigh microcirculation.

Authors: Bahadori, S., Immins, T. and Wainwright, T.W.

Journal: Microvascular research

Volume: 111

Pages: 37-41

eISSN: 1095-9319

ISSN: 0026-2862

DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2017.01.001

Abstract:

Objective

This study compares the effectiveness of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) device and an intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) device on enhancing microcirculatory blood flow in the thigh of healthy individuals, when stimulation is carried out peripherally at the calf.

Materials and methods

Blood microcirculation of ten healthy individuals was recorded using laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) technique. A region of interest (ROI) was marked on each participant thigh. The mean flux within the ROI was calculated at four states: rest, NMES device with visible muscle actuation (VMA), NMES device with no visible muscle actuation (NVMA) and IPC device.

Results

Both NMES and IPC devices increased blood flow in the thigh when stimulation was carried out peripherally at the calf. The NMES device increased mean blood perfusion from baseline by 399.8% at the VMA state and 150.6% at the NVMA state, IPC device increased the mean blood perfusion by 117.3% from baseline.

Conclusion

The NMES device at VMA state increased microcirculation by more than a factor of 3 in contrast to the IPC device. Even at the NVMA state, the NMES device increased blood flow by 23% more than the IPC device. Given the association between increased microcirculation and reduced oedema, NMES may be a more effective modality than IPC at reducing oedema, therefore further research is needed to explore this.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/26175/

Source: Europe PubMed Central