Predictability effects during reading in the absence of parafoveal preview

Authors: Parker, A.J., kirkby, J.A. and Slattery, T.J.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/29230/

Journal: Journal of Cognitive Psychology

Publisher: Routledge

eISSN: 2044-592X

ISSN: 2044-5911

DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2017.1340303

The predictability of upcoming words facilitates spoken and written language comprehension (see Kuperberg & Jaeger, 2016 for a review). One difference between these language modalities is that readers’ routinely have access to upcoming words in parafoveal vision while listeners must wait for each word from a speaker. Despite readers’ potential glimpse into the future, it is not clear if and how this information aids prediction. The current study manipulated the predictability of target words and their location on a line of text. Targets were located in the middle of the line (preview available) or as the first word on a new line (preview unavailable). This represents an innovative method for manipulating parafoveal preview which utilizes return sweeps to deny access to parafoveal preview of target words without the use of invalid previews. The study is the first to demonstrate gaze duration word predictability effects in the absence of parafoveal preview.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Parker, A.J., Kirkby, J.A. and Slattery, T.J.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/29230/

Journal: Journal of Cognitive Psychology

Volume: 29

Issue: 8

Pages: 902-911

eISSN: 2044-592X

ISSN: 2044-5911

DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2017.1340303

© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. The predictability of upcoming words facilitates both spoken and written language comprehension. One interesting difference between these language modalities is that readers’ routinely have access to upcoming words in parafoveal vision while listeners must wait for each fleeting word from a speaker. Despite readers’ potential glimpse into the future, it is not clear if and how this bottom-up information aids top-down prediction. The current study manipulated the predictability of target words and their location on a line of text. Targets were located in the middle of the line (preview available) or as the first word on a new line (preview unavailable). This represents an innovative method for manipulating parafoveal preview which utilises return sweeps to deny access to parafoveal preview of target words without the use of invalid previews. The study is the first to demonstrate gaze duration word predictability effects in the absence of parafoveal preview.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Parker, A.J., Kirkby, J.A. and Slattery, T.J.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/29230/

Journal: JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

Volume: 29

Issue: 8

Pages: 902-911

eISSN: 2044-592X

ISSN: 2044-5911

DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2017.1340303

The data on this page was last updated at 05:13 on February 15, 2020.