Consent, Wantedness, and Pleasure: Three Dimensions Affecting the Perceived Stress of and Judgements of Rape in Sexual Encounters

Authors: Arabaci Hills, P., Seib, E., Pleva, M., Smythe, J., Gosling, M.-R. and Cole, T.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/31716/

Journal: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied

Publisher: APA

ISSN: 1076-898X

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Hills, P.J., Seib, E., Pleva, M., Smythe, J., Gosling, M.-R. and Cole, T.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/31716/

Journal: J Exp Psychol Appl

eISSN: 1939-2192

DOI: 10.1037/xap0000221

Participants conflate consent and wantedness when judging situations as rape (Peterson & Muehlenhard, 2007). Pleasure might also affect how such situations might be appraised by victims, perpetrators, and jurors. In four experiments, participants read vignettes describing sexual encounters that were consensual or not, wanted or unwanted, and pleasurable or not pleasurable. Participants judged whether they thought each situation described rape and how distressing they thought the encounter would be. Wantedness affected perceived distress when consent was given. Wantedness and pleasure also influenced whether participants considered the situation rape in nonconsensual scenarios. In additional experiments, we analyzed the results by gender, manipulated perspective (being the subject or initiator of the encounter), levels of aggression, and compared the results to a group of participants who had viewed an antiabuse campaign. Male participants and those higher in benevolent sexism were more likely than women to utilize pleasure and wantedness in judging whether situations described rape. Perspective and viewing the media campaign did not significantly affect judgments of rape. Our results have implications for models of the consequences of consent, wantedness, and pleasure of sex, and important implications for educational programs aimed at reducing sexual assault and training for those involved in criminal justice. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Hills, P.J., Seib, E., Pleva, M., Smythe, J., Gosling, M.R. and Cole, T.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/31716/

Journal: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied

ISSN: 1076-898X

DOI: 10.1037/xap0000221

© 2019 American Psychological Association. Participants conflate consent and wantedness when judging situations as rape (Peterson & Muehlenhard, 2007). Pleasure might also affect how such situations might be appraised by victims, perpetrators, and jurors. In four experiments, participants read vignettes describing sexual encounters that were consensual or not, wanted or unwanted, and pleasurable or not pleasurable. Participants judged whether they thought each situation described rape and how distressing they thought the encounter would be. Wantedness affected perceived distress when consent was given. Wantedness and pleasure also influenced whether participants considered the situation rape in nonconsensual scenarios. In additional experiments, we analyzed the results by gender, manipulated perspective (being the subject or initiator of the encounter), levels of aggression, and compared the results to a group of participants who had viewed an antiabuse campaign. Male participants and those higher in benevolent sexism were more likely than women to utilize pleasure and wantedness in judging whether situations described rape. Perspective and viewing the media campaign did not significantly affect judgments of rape. Our results have implications for models of the consequences of consent, wantedness, and pleasure of sex, and important implications for educational programs aimed at reducing sexual assault and training for those involved in criminal justice.

The data on this page was last updated at 04:57 on June 24, 2019.