Palaeoecological and genetic evidence for Neanderthal power locomotion as an adaptation to a woodland environment

Authors: Stewart, J.R., García-Rodríguez, O., Knul, M.V., Sewell, L., Montgomery, H., Thomas, M.G. and Diekmann, Y.

Journal: Quaternary Science Reviews

Volume: 217

Pages: 310-315

ISSN: 0277-3791

DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.12.023

Abstract:

The prevailing explanation for Neanderthal body form is the cold (glacial) adaptation hypothesis. However, palaeoecological associations appear to indicate a less cold woodland environment. Under such conditions, encounter and ambush (rather than pursuit) hunting – and thus muscular power and sprint (rather than endurance) capacity – would have been favoured. We hypothesise that the highly muscular Neanderthal body form reflects an adaptation to hunting conditions rather than cold, and here both review the palaeoecological evidence that they inhabited a mainly woodland environment, and present preliminary genetic analyses in support of this new hypothesis.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/31956/

Source: Scopus

Palaeoecological and genetic evidence for Neanderthal power locomotion as an adaptation to a woodland environment

Authors: Stewart, J.R., Garcia-Rodriguez, O., Knul, M.V., Sewell, L., Montgomery, H., Thomas, M.G. and Diekmann, Y.

Journal: QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS

Volume: 217

Pages: 310-315

ISSN: 0277-3791

DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.12.023

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/31956/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Palaeoecological and genetic evidence for Neanderthal power locomotion as an adaptation to a woodland environment

Authors: Stewart, J., Montgomery, H., Thomas, M.G., Diekmann, Y., Knul, M., García-Rodríguez, O. and Sewell, L.

Journal: Quaternary Science Reviews

ISSN: 0277-3791

DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.12.023

Abstract:

The prevailing explanation for Neanderthal body form is the cold (glacial) adaptation hypothesis. However, palaeoecological associations appear to indicate a less cold woodland environment. Under such conditions, encounter and ambush (rather than pursuit) hunting e and thus muscular power and sprint (rather than endurance) capacity e would have been favoured. We hypothesise that the highly muscular Neanderthal body form reflects an adaptation to hunting conditions rather than cold, and here both review the palaeoecological evidence that they inhabited a mainly woodland environment, and present preliminary genetic analyses in support of this new hypothesis.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/31956/

Source: Manual