International comparison of civilian violent deaths: a public health approach to reduce gun-related deaths in US youth

Authors: Pritchard, C., Parrish, M. and Williams, R.

Journal: Public health

Publisher: Elsevier

ISSN: 0033-3506

Objectives: The political controversy about firearm fatalities amongst American Youth (15-24) continues. This study examines whether a public health approach that could reduce gun-related deaths in the USA. Methods: Based upon the latest WHO data current, 2105, USA Civilian Violent Deaths (CVD) consisting of transport, suicide and homicides for total General Population and Youth (15-24) numbers and rates per million (pm) are examined. To place USA CVD results in a wider context, the data is compared with the seven Major Western Countries (MWC). To demonstrate the effectiveness of a public health policy, when Governments intervened to ensure technical improvements and change public behaviour to improve safety, transport deaths 1979-2015 are analysed. Hence the comparison of road fatalities and suicide rates 1979-2015 statistical significance is determined by chi square tests.

Results: I 2015 total American CVD were 101,456, consisting of 44,193 suicides and 17,588 homicides of which 30,891 were probably gun-related. Youth deaths were 17.432, 5,491 suicide and 4,732 homicides, approximately 5,112 gun-related.

American CVD substantially higher than the other MWC for both General Population and Youth. In 1979 American transport deaths were 57,577 fell to 39,675 in 2015.

Every country’s Public Health approach to reduce road deaths, when compared to suicides, was highly statistically significant. Conclusions: Government intervention reduced transports deaths, so too, with gun-related violence. America needs to appreciate the levels of its CVD compared other MWC outcomes. The evidence points towards a Public Health approach, that reduced road deaths, could help reduce USA firearms deaths to MWC levels.

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Pritchard, C., Parish, M. and Williams, R.J.

Journal: Public Health

Volume: 180

Pages: 109-113

eISSN: 1476-5616

DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.11.003

OBJECTIVES: The political controversy surrounding firearm fatalities in US youths (aged 15-24 years) continues. This study examines whether a public health approach could reduce gun-related deaths in the US. METHODS: Based on the latest World Health Organization (WHO) data, current (2015) numbers and rates per million of US civilian violent deaths (CVDs) (including transport deaths, suicides and homicides) for both the general population and youths (aged 15-24 years) are examined. US CVD results are considered in a wider context by comparing the results with those of seven other major Western countries (MWCs). To demonstrate the effectiveness of a public health policy, transport deaths between 1979 and 2015 are analysed, which corresponds to a time period when government interventions based on technical improvements and behaviour change were implemented to improve road safety. The statistical significance of the comparison between road fatalities and suicide rates between 1979 and 2015 is determined by the chi-squared test. RESULTS: In 2015, the total number of US CVDs was 101,456, consisting of 44,193 suicides and 17,588 homicides (of which 30,891 were likely to be gun-related deaths). Youth deaths totalled 17,432; 5491 suicides and 4732 homicides, including approximately 5112 gun-related deaths. US CVDs are substantially higher than the other MWCs for both the general population and youths. In 1979, US transport deaths were 57,577, which decreased to 39,675 in 2015. Every country's public health approach to reduce road deaths, when compared with suicides, was highly statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Government interventions have reduced transport deaths; thus, new policies may also reduce gun-related violence. The evidence points towards a public health approach, such as that used to reduce road deaths, which could help reduce US firearm-related deaths to levels comparable with other MWCs.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Pritchard, C., Parish, M. and Williams, R.J.

Journal: Public Health

Volume: 180

Pages: 109-113

eISSN: 1476-5616

ISSN: 0033-3506

DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.11.003

© 2019 The Royal Society for Public Health Objectives: The political controversy surrounding firearm fatalities in US youths (aged 15–24 years) continues. This study examines whether a public health approach could reduce gun-related deaths in the US. Methods: Based on the latest World Health Organization (WHO) data, current (2015) numbers and rates per million of US civilian violent deaths (CVDs) (including transport deaths, suicides and homicides) for both the general population and youths (aged 15–24 years) are examined. US CVD results are considered in a wider context by comparing the results with those of seven other major Western countries (MWCs). To demonstrate the effectiveness of a public health policy, transport deaths between 1979 and 2015 are analysed, which corresponds to a time period when government interventions based on technical improvements and behaviour change were implemented to improve road safety. The statistical significance of the comparison between road fatalities and suicide rates between 1979 and 2015 is determined by the chi-squared test. Results: In 2015, the total number of US CVDs was 101,456, consisting of 44,193 suicides and 17,588 homicides (of which 30,891 were likely to be gun-related deaths). Youth deaths totalled 17,432; 5491 suicides and 4732 homicides, including approximately 5112 gun-related deaths. US CVDs are substantially higher than the other MWCs for both the general population and youths. In 1979, US transport deaths were 57,577, which decreased to 39,675 in 2015. Every country's public health approach to reduce road deaths, when compared with suicides, was highly statistically significant. Conclusions: Government interventions have reduced transport deaths; thus, new policies may also reduce gun-related violence. The evidence points towards a public health approach, such as that used to reduce road deaths, which could help reduce US firearm-related deaths to levels comparable with other MWCs.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Pritchard, C., Parish, M. and Williams, R.J.

Journal: PUBLIC HEALTH

Volume: 180

Pages: 109-113

eISSN: 1476-5616

ISSN: 0033-3506

DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.11.003

The data on this page was last updated at 05:17 on May 25, 2020.