Recognition, collaboration and community: Science fiction representations of robot carers in Robot & Frank, Big Hero 6 and Humans

Authors: Teo, Y.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/33607/

https://journals.bmj.com/

Journal: Medical Humanities

Publisher: BMJ

eISSN: 1473-4265

ISSN: 1468-215X

DOI: 10.1136/medhum-2019-011744

In the 2010s, a small number of science fiction films and television series exploring the theme of the robot carer and how humans respond to them were released. This paper explores three works in this regard: the films Robot & Frank (dir. Jake Schreier, USA 2012), Big Hero 6 (dir. Don Hall/Chris Williams, USA 2014), and the television series Humans (UK/USA, Channel 4/AMC, 2015-2018). Examining these works with some of the ethical issues currently being discussed in the use of robot technology in care work, this paper demonstrates how they align themselves with, but also challenge some of these ideas, and ultimately direct viewers to consider their own expectations of personalised healthcare. The essay begins by examining the fears of the care industry deploying robots to replace the work of human carers, followed by a discussion of the effectiveness of robots as carers as depicted in these fictional representations, and the final section considers the social environment that these robot carers are situated in, and how the robots become a reflection of human lives and a repository of memories of affective relations. These texts suggest alternate ways of thinking about human-robot interactions (HRI) and care work, advocating for a more mutually dependent and reciprocal working relationship that might lead to a better quality of care.

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Teo, Y.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/33607/

Journal: Med Humanit

eISSN: 1473-4265

DOI: 10.1136/medhum-2019-011744

In the 2010s, a small number of science fiction films and television series exploring the theme of the robot carer and how humans respond to them were released. This paper explores three works in this regard: the films Robot & Frank (dir. Jake Schreier, USA 2012), Big Hero 6 (dir. Don Hall/Chris Williams, USA 2014) and the television series Humans (UK/USA, Channel 4/AMC, 2015-2018). Examining these works with some of the ethical issues currently being discussed in the use of robot technology in care work, this paper demonstrates how they align themselves with, but also challenge some of these ideas, and ultimately direct viewers to consider their own expectations of personalised healthcare. The essay begins by examining the fears of the care industry deploying robots to replace the work of human carers, followed by a discussion of the effectiveness of robots as carers as depicted in these fictional representations, and the final section considers the social environment that these robot carers are situated in, and how the robots become a reflection of human lives and a repository of memories of affective relations. These texts suggest alternate ways of thinking about human-robot interactions and care work, advocating for a more mutually dependent and reciprocal working relationship that might lead to a better quality of care.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Teo, Y.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/33607/

Journal: Medical Humanities

eISSN: 1473-4265

ISSN: 1468-215X

DOI: 10.1136/medhum-2019-011744

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. In the 2010s, a small number of science fiction films and television series exploring the theme of the robot carer and how humans respond to them were released. This paper explores three works in this regard: the films Robot & Frank (dir. Jake Schreier, USA 2012), Big Hero 6 (dir. Don Hall/Chris Williams, USA 2014) and the television series Humans (UK/USA, Channel 4/AMC, 2015-2018). Examining these works with some of the ethical issues currently being discussed in the use of robot technology in care work, this paper demonstrates how they align themselves with, but also challenge some of these ideas, and ultimately direct viewers to consider their own expectations of personalised healthcare. The essay begins by examining the fears of the care industry deploying robots to replace the work of human carers, followed by a discussion of the effectiveness of robots as carers as depicted in these fictional representations, and the final section considers the social environment that these robot carers are situated in, and how the robots become a reflection of human lives and a repository of memories of affective relations. These texts suggest alternate ways of thinking about human-robot interactions and care work, advocating for a more mutually dependent and reciprocal working relationship that might lead to a better quality of care.

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