Birthweight predicts individual differences in adult face recognition ability

Authors: Bate, S., Mestry, N., Atkinson, M., Bennetts, R.J. and Hills, P.J.

Journal: British Journal of Psychology

Volume: 112

Issue: 3

Pages: 628-644

eISSN: 2044-8295

ISSN: 0007-1269

DOI: 10.1111/bjop.12480

Abstract:

It has long been known that premature birth and/or low birthweight can lead to general difficulties in cognitive and emotional functioning throughout childhood. However, the influence of these factors on more specific processes has seldom been addressed, despite their potential to account for wide individual differences in performance that often appear innate. Here, we examined the influence of gestation and birthweight on adults’ face perception and face memory skills. Performance on both sub-processes was predicted by birthweight and birthweight-for-gestation, but not gestation alone. Evidence was also found for the domain-specificity of these effects: No perinatal measure correlated with performance on object perception or memory tasks, but they were related to the size of the face inversion effect on the perceptual test. This evidence indicates a novel, very early influence on individual differences in face recognition ability, which persists into adulthood, influences face-processing strategy itself, and may be domain-specific.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34648/

Source: Scopus

Birthweight predicts individual differences in adult face recognition ability.

Authors: Bate, S., Mestry, N., Atkinson, M., Bennetts, R.J. and Hills, P.J.

Journal: Br J Psychol

Volume: 112

Issue: 3

Pages: 628-644

eISSN: 2044-8295

DOI: 10.1111/bjop.12480

Abstract:

It has long been known that premature birth and/or low birthweight can lead to general difficulties in cognitive and emotional functioning throughout childhood. However, the influence of these factors on more specific processes has seldom been addressed, despite their potential to account for wide individual differences in performance that often appear innate. Here, we examined the influence of gestation and birthweight on adults' face perception and face memory skills. Performance on both sub-processes was predicted by birthweight and birthweight-for-gestation, but not gestation alone. Evidence was also found for the domain-specificity of these effects: No perinatal measure correlated with performance on object perception or memory tasks, but they were related to the size of the face inversion effect on the perceptual test. This evidence indicates a novel, very early influence on individual differences in face recognition ability, which persists into adulthood, influences face-processing strategy itself, and may be domain-specific.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34648/

Source: PubMed

Birthweight predicts individual differences in adult face recognition ability

Authors: Bate, S., Mestry, N., Atkinson, M., Bennetts, R.J. and Hills, P.J.

Journal: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY

Volume: 112

Issue: 3

Pages: 628-644

eISSN: 2044-8295

ISSN: 0007-1269

DOI: 10.1111/bjop.12480

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34648/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Birth Weight Predicts Individual Differences in Adult Face Recognition Ability

Authors: Bate, S., Mestry, N., Atkinson, M., Bennetts, R.J. and Arabaci Hills, P.J.

Journal: British Journal of Psychology

Abstract:

It has long been known that premature birth and/or low birth weight can lead to general difficulties in cognitive and emotional functioning throughout childhood. However, the influence of these factors on more specific processes has seldom been addressed, despite their potential to account for wide individual differences in performance that often appear innate. Here, we examined the influence of gestation and birth weight on adults’ face perception and face memory skills. Performance on both sub-processes was predicted by birth weight and birth weight-for-gestation, but not gestation alone. Evidence was also found for the domainspecificity of these effects: no perinatal measure correlated with performance on object perception or memory tasks, but they were related to the size of the face inversion effect on the perceptual test. This evidence indicates a novel, very early influence on individual differences in face recognition ability, which persists into adulthood, influences faceprocessing strategy itself, and may be domain-specific.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34648/

Source: Manual

Birthweight predicts individual differences in adult face recognition ability.

Authors: Bate, S., Mestry, N., Atkinson, M., Bennetts, R.J. and Hills, P.J.

Journal: British journal of psychology (London, England : 1953)

Volume: 112

Issue: 3

Pages: 628-644

eISSN: 2044-8295

ISSN: 0007-1269

DOI: 10.1111/bjop.12480

Abstract:

It has long been known that premature birth and/or low birthweight can lead to general difficulties in cognitive and emotional functioning throughout childhood. However, the influence of these factors on more specific processes has seldom been addressed, despite their potential to account for wide individual differences in performance that often appear innate. Here, we examined the influence of gestation and birthweight on adults' face perception and face memory skills. Performance on both sub-processes was predicted by birthweight and birthweight-for-gestation, but not gestation alone. Evidence was also found for the domain-specificity of these effects: No perinatal measure correlated with performance on object perception or memory tasks, but they were related to the size of the face inversion effect on the perceptual test. This evidence indicates a novel, very early influence on individual differences in face recognition ability, which persists into adulthood, influences face-processing strategy itself, and may be domain-specific.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34648/

Source: Europe PubMed Central