Energy efficiency of very large multiuser MIMO systems with transmit antenna selection
Authors: Li, J., Li, S., Mu, X. and Zhang, J.
Journal: International Journal of Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering
In this paper, transmit antenna selection is performed to improve the energy efficiency of multiuser large scale MIMO systems, which is necessary for the energy efficiency maximization of large scale MIMO, because the RF chains which are connected with antennas are very expensive and consume a lot of power. However, the consumed power of the large scale MIMO systems should include not only transmit power but also the fundamental power for operating the circuit at the transmitter, because the effect of circuit power consumption is more serious when the transmitter is equipped with massive number of antennas. We evaluate the performance of the energy efficiency in the multiuser case where zero-forcing precoding is used to reduce the inter-user interference. The theoretical analysis indicates that there exists an optimal number of selected antennas to maximize the energy efficiency, and we derive optimal antenna number for different number of users. All the analytical results are verified through both mathematical analysis and numerical simulations.