15. Sika Deer trampling and saltmarsh creek erosion: Preliminary investigation
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Authors: House, C., May, V. and Diaz, A.
Journal: Proceedings in Marine Science
A one-year investigation into the effect of trampling by Sika Deer Cervus nippon on the erosion of saltmarsh creek sides compared the rates of erosion in creek sections crossed by deer with those in control areas. Significantly greater erosion of creek sides was detected in the areas where deer crossed the creeks. The greater the frequency of deer crossings (as measured by number of footprints), the greater was the rate of erosion. Erosion rates were related to loss of creekside vegetation, particularly Puccinellia maritima. The methods developed during the investigation provide a basis for further investigation. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.