Autonomous smart manufacturing: Social-cyber-physical interaction, reference architecture and operation mechanism
Authors: Yao, X., Huang, Y., Mai, H., Yang, E. and Yu, H.
Journal: Jisuanji Jicheng Zhizao Xitong/Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems, CIMS
It is an inevitable trend for smart manufacturing to move towards autonomy, but this does not mean that humans are excluded from the manufacturing system, and human-centric design of autonomous manufacturing is still needed. From the perspective of system science, based on the analysis of human-machine interaction and Industry 4.0 autonomy, the basic structure and element interactions, human roles and reference architecture of the autonomous smart manufacturing system with social-cyber-physical interaction were discussed, and the concepts of human-in-the-loop, human-on-the-loop and human-out-of-the-loop were placed respectively in the physical space, cyber space and social space of the wisdom manufacturing. As a result, a trinity autonomous social-cyber-physical production system was formed. The make-to-order production scheduling problem driven by hybrid artificial intelligence methods was taken as an example to illustrate the operation of this system.