The effect of high-frequency rTMS over left DLPFC and fluid abilities on goal neglect

Authors: Arabacı, G., Cakir, B.S. and Parris, B.A.

Journal: Brain Structure and Function

Volume: 229

Issue: 5

Pages: 1073-1086

eISSN: 1863-2661

ISSN: 1863-2653

DOI: 10.1007/s00429-024-02770-y

Abstract:

Goal neglect refers to when an aspect of task instructions is not utilised due to increased competition between goal representations, an attentional limit theoretically linked to working memory. In an attempt to alleviate goal neglect and to investigate the association between dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)-supported working memory and goal neglect, we used high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the left DLPFC whilst participants completed the letter-monitoring task, a measure of goal neglect, and an N3-back task, a working memory task known to be affected by rTMS of the left DLPFC, following 20 min of active and sham stimulation (run on separate days). We found increased accuracy on the N3-back task in addition to decreased goal neglect in the active compared to sham condition when controlling for age and fluid abilities (as assessed by matrix reasoning performance). Furthermore, analysis showed that active stimulation improvements on both the N3-back and letter-monitoring tasks were greater for those with higher fluid abilities. These findings provide support for the link between the DLPFC-support working memory and goal neglect. Increased performance on the N3-back task also supports the literature reporting a link between left DLPFC and verbal working memory. Results are evaluated in the context of potential use to alleviate symptoms of disorders related to goal neglect.

https://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/39743/

Source: Scopus

The effect of high-frequency rTMS over left DLPFC and fluid abilities on goal neglect.

Authors: Arabacı, G., Cakir, B.S. and Parris, B.A.

Journal: Brain Struct Funct

Volume: 229

Issue: 5

Pages: 1073-1086

eISSN: 1863-2661

DOI: 10.1007/s00429-024-02770-y

Abstract:

Goal neglect refers to when an aspect of task instructions is not utilised due to increased competition between goal representations, an attentional limit theoretically linked to working memory. In an attempt to alleviate goal neglect and to investigate the association between dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)-supported working memory and goal neglect, we used high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the left DLPFC whilst participants completed the letter-monitoring task, a measure of goal neglect, and an N3-back task, a working memory task known to be affected by rTMS of the left DLPFC, following 20 min of active and sham stimulation (run on separate days). We found increased accuracy on the N3-back task in addition to decreased goal neglect in the active compared to sham condition when controlling for age and fluid abilities (as assessed by matrix reasoning performance). Furthermore, analysis showed that active stimulation improvements on both the N3-back and letter-monitoring tasks were greater for those with higher fluid abilities. These findings provide support for the link between the DLPFC-support working memory and goal neglect. Increased performance on the N3-back task also supports the literature reporting a link between left DLPFC and verbal working memory. Results are evaluated in the context of potential use to alleviate symptoms of disorders related to goal neglect.

https://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/39743/

Source: PubMed

The effect of high-frequency rTMS over left DLPFC and fluid abilities on goal neglect

Authors: Arabaci, G., Cakir, B.S. and Parris, B.A.

Journal: BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION

eISSN: 1863-2661

ISSN: 1863-2653

DOI: 10.1007/s00429-024-02770-y

https://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/39743/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

The effect of high-frequency rTMS over left DLPFC and fluid abilities on goal neglect.

Authors: Arabacı, G., Cakir, B.S. and Parris, B.A.

Journal: Brain structure & function

Volume: 229

Issue: 5

Pages: 1073-1086

eISSN: 1863-2661

ISSN: 1863-2653

DOI: 10.1007/s00429-024-02770-y

Abstract:

Goal neglect refers to when an aspect of task instructions is not utilised due to increased competition between goal representations, an attentional limit theoretically linked to working memory. In an attempt to alleviate goal neglect and to investigate the association between dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)-supported working memory and goal neglect, we used high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the left DLPFC whilst participants completed the letter-monitoring task, a measure of goal neglect, and an N3-back task, a working memory task known to be affected by rTMS of the left DLPFC, following 20 min of active and sham stimulation (run on separate days). We found increased accuracy on the N3-back task in addition to decreased goal neglect in the active compared to sham condition when controlling for age and fluid abilities (as assessed by matrix reasoning performance). Furthermore, analysis showed that active stimulation improvements on both the N3-back and letter-monitoring tasks were greater for those with higher fluid abilities. These findings provide support for the link between the DLPFC-support working memory and goal neglect. Increased performance on the N3-back task also supports the literature reporting a link between left DLPFC and verbal working memory. Results are evaluated in the context of potential use to alleviate symptoms of disorders related to goal neglect.

https://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/39743/

Source: Europe PubMed Central

The effect of high-frequency rTMS over left DLPFC and fluid abilities on goal neglect

Authors: Arabacı, G., Cakir, B.S. and Parris, B.A.

Journal: Brain Structure and Function

ISSN: 1863-2653

Abstract:

Goal neglect refers to when an aspect of task instructions is not utilised due to increased competition between goal representations, an attentional limit theoretically linked to working memory. In an attempt to alleviate goal neglect and to investigate the association between dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)-supported working memory and goal neglect, we used high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the left DLPFC whilst participants completed the letter-monitoring task, a measure of goal neglect, and an N3-back task, a working memory task known to be affected by rTMS of the left DLPFC, following 20 min of active and sham stimulation (run on separate days). We found increased accuracy on the N3-back task in addition to decreased goal neglect in the active compared to sham condition when controlling for age and fluid abilities (as assessed by matrix reasoning performance). Furthermore, analysis showed that active stimulation improvements on both the N3-back and letter-monitoring tasks were greater for those with higher fluid abilities. These findings provide support for the link between the DLPFC-support working memory and goal neglect. Increased performance on the N3-back task also supports the literature reporting a link between left DLPFC and verbal working memory. Results are evaluated in the context of potential use to alleviate symptoms of disorders related to goal neglect.

https://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/39743/

Source: BURO EPrints