Large femoral heads decrease the incidence of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty: A randomized controlled trial

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Howie, D.W., Holubowycz, O.T., Middleton, R. and Large Articulation Study Group

Journal: J Bone Joint Surg Am

Volume: 94

Issue: 12

Pages: 1095-1102

eISSN: 1535-1386

DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.K.00570

BACKGROUND: The use of larger femoral heads has been proposed to reduce the risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty, but there is a lack of evidence to support this proposal. The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to determine whether the incidence of dislocation one year after total hip arthroplasty is significantly lower in association with the use of a 36-mm femoral head articulation as compared with a 28-mm articulation. METHODS: Six hundred and forty-four middle-aged and elderly patients undergoing primary or revision arthroplasty were randomized intraoperatively to receive either a 36 or 28-mm metal femoral head on highly cross-linked polyethylene. Patients who were at high risk of dislocation (including those with dementia and neuromuscular disease) and those undergoing revision for the treatment of recurrent hip dislocation or infection were excluded. Patients were stratified according to other potential risk factors for dislocation, including diagnosis and age. Diagnosis of hip dislocation required confirmation by a physician and radiographic evidence of a dislocation. RESULTS: Overall, at one year of follow-up, hips with a 36-mm femoral head articulation had a significantly lower incidence of dislocation than did those with a 28-mm articulation (1.3% [four of 299] compared with 5.4% [seventeen of 316]; difference, 4.1% [95% confidence interval, 1.2% to 7.2%]) when controlling for the type of procedure (primary or revision) (p = 0.012). The incidence of dislocation following primary arthroplasty was also significantly lower for hips with a 36-mm femoral head articulation than for those with a 28-mm articulation (0.8% [two of 258] compared with 4.4% [twelve of 275]; difference, 3.6% [95% confidence interval, 0.9% to 6.8%]) (p = 0.024). The incidence of dislocation following revision arthroplasty was 4.9% (two of forty-one) for hips with a 36-mm articulation and 12.2% (five of forty-one) for hips with a 28-mm articulation; this difference was not significant with the relatively small sample size of the revision group (difference, 7.3% [95% confidence interval, -5.9% to 21.1%]) (p = 0.273). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with a 28-mm femoral head articulation, a larger 36-mm articulation resulted in a significantly decreased incidence of dislocation in the first year following primary total hip arthroplasty. However, before a 36-mm metal-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene articulation is widely recommended, the incidence of late dislocation, wear, periprosthetic osteolysis, and liner fracture should be established.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Howie, D.W., Middleton, R., Wainwright, T. et al.

Journal: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A

Volume: 94

Issue: 12

Pages: 1095-1102

eISSN: 1535-1386

ISSN: 0021-9355

DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.K.00570

Background: The use of larger femoral heads has been proposed to reduce the risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty, but there is a lack of evidence to support this proposal. The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to determine whether the incidence of dislocation one year after total hip arthroplasty is significantly lower in association with the use of a 36-mm femoral head articulation as compared with a 28-mm articulation. Methods: Six hundred and forty-four middle-aged and elderly patients undergoing primary or revision arthroplasty were randomized intraoperatively to receive either a 36 or 28-mm metal femoral head on highly cross-linked polyethylene. Patients who were at high risk of dislocation (including those with dementia and neuromuscular disease) and those undergoing revision for the treatment of recurrent hip dislocation or infection were excluded. Patients were stratified according to other potential risk factors for dislocation, including diagnosis and age. Diagnosis of hip dislocation required confirmation by a physician and radiographic evidence of a dislocation. Results: Overall, at one year of follow-up, hips with a 36-mm femoral head articulation had a significantly lower incidence of dislocation than did those with a 28-mm articulation (1.3% [four of 299] compared with 5.4% [seventeen of 316]; difference, 4.1% [95% confidence interval, 1.2% to 7.2%]) when controlling for the type of procedure (primary or revision) (p = 0.012). The incidence of dislocation following primary arthroplasty was also significantly lower for hips with a 36-mm femoral head articulation than for those with a 28-mm articulation (0.8% [two of 258] compared with 4.4% [twelve of 275]; difference, 3.6% [95% confidence interval, 0.9% to 6.8%]) (p = 0.024). The incidence of dislocation following revision arthroplasty was 4.9% (two of forty-one) for hips with a 36-mm articulation and 12.2% (five of forty-one) for hips with a 28-mm articulation; this difference was not significant with the relatively small sample size of the revision group (difference, 7.3% [95% confidence interval, -5.9% to 21.1%]) (p = 0.273). Conclusions: Compared with a 28-mm femoral head articulation, a larger 36-mm articulation resulted in a significantly decreased incidence of dislocation in the first year following primary total hip arthroplasty. However, before a 36-mm metal-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene articulation is widely recommended, the incidence of late dislocation, wear, periprosthetic osteolysis, and liner fracture should be established. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.

This source preferred by Rob Middleton and Tom Wainwright

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Howie, D.W., Holubowycz, O.T., Middleton, R. and Grp, L.A.S.

Journal: JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME

Volume: 94A

Issue: 12

Pages: 1095-1102

eISSN: 1535-1386

ISSN: 0021-9355

DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.K.00570

This data was imported from Europe PubMed Central:

Authors: Howie, D.W., Holubowycz, O.T. and Middleton, R.

Journal: The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume

Volume: 94

Issue: 12

Pages: 1095-1102

eISSN: 1535-1386

ISSN: 0021-9355

The use of larger femoral heads has been proposed to reduce the risk of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty, but there is a lack of evidence to support this proposal. The aim of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to determine whether the incidence of dislocation one year after total hip arthroplasty is significantly lower in association with the use of a 36-mm femoral head articulation as compared with a 28-mm articulation.Six hundred and forty-four middle-aged and elderly patients undergoing primary or revision arthroplasty were randomized intraoperatively to receive either a 36 or 28-mm metal femoral head on highly cross-linked polyethylene. Patients who were at high risk of dislocation (including those with dementia and neuromuscular disease) and those undergoing revision for the treatment of recurrent hip dislocation or infection were excluded. Patients were stratified according to other potential risk factors for dislocation, including diagnosis and age. Diagnosis of hip dislocation required confirmation by a physician and radiographic evidence of a dislocation.Overall, at one year of follow-up, hips with a 36-mm femoral head articulation had a significantly lower incidence of dislocation than did those with a 28-mm articulation (1.3% [four of 299] compared with 5.4% [seventeen of 316]; difference, 4.1% [95% confidence interval, 1.2% to 7.2%]) when controlling for the type of procedure (primary or revision) (p = 0.012). The incidence of dislocation following primary arthroplasty was also significantly lower for hips with a 36-mm femoral head articulation than for those with a 28-mm articulation (0.8% [two of 258] compared with 4.4% [twelve of 275]; difference, 3.6% [95% confidence interval, 0.9% to 6.8%]) (p = 0.024). The incidence of dislocation following revision arthroplasty was 4.9% (two of forty-one) for hips with a 36-mm articulation and 12.2% (five of forty-one) for hips with a 28-mm articulation; this difference was not significant with the relatively small sample size of the revision group (difference, 7.3% [95% confidence interval, -5.9% to 21.1%]) (p = 0.273).Compared with a 28-mm femoral head articulation, a larger 36-mm articulation resulted in a significantly decreased incidence of dislocation in the first year following primary total hip arthroplasty. However, before a 36-mm metal-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene articulation is widely recommended, the incidence of late dislocation, wear, periprosthetic osteolysis, and liner fracture should be established.

The data on this page was last updated at 04:53 on April 22, 2019.