Continuous ascitic recirculation in severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
This source preferred by Gary Smith
Authors: Beck, D.H., Massey, S., Taylor, B.L. and Smith, G.B.
Journal: Intensive Care Med.
Massive ascites, hydrothorax, acute renal failure and thromboembolism are clinical manifestations of severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) which may complicate the induction of ovulation with exogenous gonadotrophins. We report a case of severe OHSS with ascites formation in excess of five litres per day. Massive ascites and bilateral pleural effusions resulted in respiratory failure. Continuous ascitic recirculation (AR) was commenced after repeated paracentesis and i.v. fluid therapy failed to improve the patient's condition. The procedure was undertaken for a total of 15 days and rapidly resulted in marked improvement of impaired respiratory function. Febrile episodes occurred on 3 occasions, but we did not observe coagulation disturbances or adverse haemodynamic effects. Continuous AR is a safe and effective treatment of complicated severe OHSS