A single-centre feasibility randomised controlled trial comparing the incidence of asymptomatic and symptomatic deep vein thrombosis between a neuromuscular electrostimulation device and thromboembolism deterrent stockings in post-operative patients recovering from elective total hip replacement surgery

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Authors: Wainwright, T.W., Burgess, L.C. and Middleton, R.G.

Journal: Surg Technol Int

Volume: 36

Pages: 289-298

ISSN: 1090-3941

BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement is recognised as a major risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using a novel neuromuscular electrical stimulation device (NMES) for DVT prevention in patients recovering from elective hip replacement surgery. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients undergoing total hip replacement were randomised to receive postoperative treatment with either the NMES device or compression stockings continually from post-surgery until discharge (day 4). The primary outcome measure was the presence of symptomatic or asymptomatic DVT at 48 hours post-surgery and on the day of discharge from hip replacement surgery, as assessed by Duplex ultrasound. Secondary outcomes included hemodynamic responses to the devices, lower limb oedema, sit-to-stand and timed-up-and-go (TUG) scores, and hip range of motion. RESULTS: In the compression stockings group, two cases of asymptomatic DVT were identified by Duplex ultrasound at 48 hours post-surgery. No cases were found in the NMES group. Patients in the NMES group demonstrated a general trend of a decrease in leg volume from post-surgery to discharge, whereas leg volume largely remained static for the compression stockings group. In addition, positive hemodynamic effects were found in favour of the NMES group in the non-operated leg. The change in TUG scores also favoured the NMES group (NMES: 150 ± 152%, compression stockings: 363 ± 257% (p=0.03)), whereas no differences in sit-to-stand scores or hip range of motion were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the feasibility of NMES as an alternative mechanical prophylaxis worn in the postoperative phase until discharge and provides important findings for clinicians considering novel mechanical prophylaxis options.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Wainwright, T.W., Burgess, L.C. and Middleton, R.G.

Journal: Surgical Technology International

Volume: 36

Pages: 1-10

ISSN: 1090-3941

© 2020 Surgical Technology International™. Background: Total hip replacement is recognised as a major risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using a novel neuromuscular electrical stimulation device (NMES) for DVT prevention in patients recovering from elective hip replacement surgery. Methods: Twenty-eight patients undergoing total hip replacement were randomised to receive postoperative treatment with either the NMES device or compression stockings continually from post-surgery until discharge (day 4). The primary outcome measure was the presence of symptomatic or asymptomatic DVT at 48 hours post-surgery and on the day of discharge from hip replacement surgery, as assessed by Duplex ultrasound. Secondary outcomes included hemodynamic responses to the devices, lower limb oedema, sit-to-stand and timed-up-and-go (TUG) scores, and hip range of motion. Results: In the compression stockings group, two cases of asymptomatic DVT were identified by Duplex ultrasound at 48 hours post-surgery. No cases were found in the NMES group. Patients in the NMES group demonstrated a general trend of a decrease in leg volume from post-surgery to discharge, whereas leg volume largely remained static for the compression stockings group. In addition, positive hemodynamic effects were found in favour of the NMES group in the non-operated leg. The change in TUG scores also favoured the NMES group (NMES: 150 ± 152%, compression stockings: 363 ± 257% (p=0.03)), whereas no differences in sit-to-stand scores or hip range of motion were observed. Conclusions: This study supports the feasibility of NMES as an alternative mechanical prophylaxis worn in the postoperative phase until discharge and provides important findings for clinicians considering novel mechanical prophylaxis options.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Wainwright, T.W., Burgess, L.C. and Middleton, R.G.

Journal: SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL-INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN SURGERY AND SURGICAL RESEARCH

Volume: 36

eISSN: 1090-3941

The data on this page was last updated at 05:31 on November 27, 2020.